Meteorological events that happened on March 10th:
A tornado with winds estimated at F3 intensity moved east-northeast across Hazel Green, WI destroying a large part of the town. Parts of a church steeple were carried more than 3 miles. Several people were "crushed beyond recognition" in their homes. Two children were carried 400 yards and set down. They suffered just minor injuries. It was reported that two horses were carried to a height of 60 feet and set down 600 yards from their barn "unbruised but stone dead 20 feet apart". The village hearse was "carried off" and a coffin handle was found eight miles to the northeast. Southwest of Hazel Green "a furrow 600 feet long, 4 feet wide, and several feet deep was plowed." Newspapers reported that "Hazel Green will never be resurrected, 23 homes were grounded finer than grist from the mills of the Gods."
John Park Finley issued the first experimental tornado prediction. Finley had studied the atmospheric parameters that were present during previous tornadoes. Many of these same criteria are still used by operational forecasters today. But use of tornado forecasts would be banned just a few years later, and would remain banned until 1952.
The barometric pressure dropped 29.26 inHg at Los Angeles, CA, and 29.46 inHg at San Diego, CA, setting all-time records for those two locations.
Dodge City, KS reported a record 24 hour total of 17.5 inches of snow.
A hailstorm over a 30-square-mile area in the southern part of the country killed cattle and sheep and damaged crops. Some of the hailstones were said to weigh 7.5 pounds.
A heavy snowstorm left 10 inches in parts of Georgia, 22 inches in parts of Tennessee, 24 inches in parts of Kentucky and 15 inches in parts of Virginia. Many buildings collapsed from the weight of the snow.
An unusual early-season tornado struck a farm house outside of Barrhead, Alberta Canada ripping off the roof and twisting trees from the ground.
Chicago, IL's temperature rose from 15° on this date to 73° on the 11th. The 58 degree rise ties the biggest day-to-day rise on record. The city experienced a similar jump in temperature in February 1887.
The winter of 1976-77 was a disaster for ski resorts in Colorado. A persistent ridge of high pressure over Utah deflected all storms north of the state throughout the winter, resulting in meager amounts of snow. For the first time, Colorado's ski resorts were forced to consider snow making equipment, a technology that had previously only been used at typically snow starved resorts in the Midwest.
Severe thunderstorms and tornadoes hit Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio. A total of 19 tornadoes occurred. Three of the tornadoes in Indiana reached F3 intensity. A densely populated subdivision of southeast Lexington, KY was heavily damaged by a tornado. Twenty people were injured and 900 homes were damaged or demolished. A very strong thunderstorm downburst hit the Cincinnati area. At the Greater Cincinnati Airport, windows were blown out of the control tower, injuring the six controllers on duty. At Newport, KY, 120 houses were destroyed from winds estimated from 100 to 140 mph.
Strong northwesterly winds ushered arctic air into the eastern U.S. Gales lashed the middle and northern Atlantic coast. Winds gusted to 50 mph at Manteo and Cape Hatteras, NC.
A winter storm produced snow and high winds in the Central Rocky Mountain Region. Snowfall totals in Utah ranged up to 42 inches at Alta, with 36 inches reported at the Brian Head Ski Resort in 24 hours. Winds gusted to 72 mph at La Junta, CO and Artesia, NM. 33 inches of snow fell between the 10th and the 12th at Chadron, NE. Drifts there were reported as high as 10 feet. The Fort Meade area of western South Dakota recorded an unbelievable 70 inches of new snow. Strong winds gusting to 60 mph created drifts up to 15 feet. More than 700 telephone poles were lost.
Thirty four cities in the central and southwestern U.S. reported new record high temperatures for the date. The high of 85° at Hanksville, UT was a record for March, and Pueblo, CO equaled their March record of 86°. Hill City, KS warmed from a morning low of 30° to an afternoon high of 89°.
Thunderstorms developing along a warm front produced severe weather from southeast Iowa to central Indiana and north central Kentucky. Thunderstorms produced wind gusts to 65 mph at Fort Knox, KY, and hail 2 inches in diameter west of Lebanon, IN. Evening thunderstorms over central Oklahoma deluged Guthrie with 4.5 inches of rain.
90% of the surface of the Great Lakes was covered by ice, the most since February 1994, as a cold winter continued to grip the region.
A powerful winter storm hit southern California through the 11th. A waterspout came ashore in Encinitas causing trees to fall over a railroad track halting traffic. Hail was widespread throughout San Diego County and even accumulated in places with one inch diameter hail reported in Escondido. Snow fell as low as 1500 feet in elevation. 36 inches fell at Big Bear Lake and Lake Arrowhead.
27 inches fell at Pine Cove and Idyllwild, 25 inches at Cuyamaca, 13 inches in Warner Springs, and 12 inches in Pine Valley. All the mountain highways were closed.
Hurricane-force winds and heavy rain pound the south of Britain, disrupting travel, downing power lines and flooding regions of the southwest. The storm's highest gusts were clocked at 95 mph on the Isle of Wight.
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