Listed are Meteorological events that happened on June 29th:
Thomas Jefferson made his last entry in his weather observation log on this date, just six days before he died. The weather held a fascination for Jefferson as he made regular weather observations. He bought his first thermometer while working on the Declaration of Independence and his first barometer shortly thereafter.
The weather observer on top of Colorado's Pike's Peak noticed that a major storm remained stationary over South Park, some 50 miles away. The observer also noted that the whitened ground from hail could be seen until sunset.
A tornado in London, Ontario Canada destroyed barns and orchards.
A great flood occurred on the Brazos River in Texas. The flood waters reached a width of 12 miles and caused $10 million dollars in damage.
A pair of tornadoes struck Moscow, Russia killing at least 30 people.
A tropical storm moved from the Gulf of Mexico to coastal North Carolina, where it dissipated. The remnants moved north and combined with a cold front moving in from the Ohio valley, producing two days of widespread severe weather through the 29th. Philadelphia, PA received 1.52 inches, with an extra 0.11 inches falling on the 30th. In some areas, rainfall amounts ranged from 3 to 6.73 inches, producing flooding that exceeded the flooding of tropical storm Agnes in 1972. Thunderstorms also produced high winds, hail and tornadoes, including F2 tornadoes at Edgemont, PA where debris from a destroyed garage was carried three-quarters of a mile away. Eight people were killed, six by drowning in swollen streams or rivers.
The temperature at Monticello, FL hit 109° to establish an all-time record for the sunshine state.
The San Francisco airport in California reached 101° which is the highest temperature ever recorded in the month of June at the airport. On the East Coast, Philadelphia, PA hit 102°; also setting their highest June temperature reading.
Sweden's hottest day on record occurred as the temperature reached 100° in Målilla.
The remnants of Hurricane Alice dumped up to 27 inches of rain on the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. The river at Laredo, TX was 12.6 feet higher than its previous highest water level. The U.S. 90 Bridge was 30 feet below the high water.
The United Kingdom recorded their hottest June day on record when highs reach 96° at Camden Square, London, England.
Flooding in Wichita Falls, TX resulted in a quarter million dollar loss in city equipment, man hours, and other city property. The official rainfall total at Sheppard Air Force Base was only 1.64 inches, but other reported rainfall included 2.60 inches in downtown Wichita Falls, and from 4.20 to over 5 inches at Charlie, in northern Clay County. An estimated 300 cars were stranded temporarily on highway 287 near Jolly, when sections of the highway were flooded by over two feet of water.
North Dakota registered its record maximum 24 hour precipitation as 8.11 inches of rain fell at Litchville.
Thunderstorms produced severe weather in the Ohio Valley and the Great Lakes Region, with reports of large hail and damaging winds. Thunderstorms spawned four tornadoes in Michigan. A tornado near Clare, MI was accompanied by softball size hail.
In Colorado, an untimely winter-like storm blanketed Mount Evans with 6 inches of snow.
Alpena, MI reported a record low of 39° while Jackson, MS equaled their record for the month of June with an afternoon high of 105°. Thunderstorms in the central U.S. soaked Springfield MO with 3.62 inches of rain, a record for the date.
Thunderstorms produced severe weather in the Central and Southern Plains. Thunderstorms in Colorado produced softball size hail at Kit Carson, while pea to marble size hail caused $10 million dollars damage to crops in Philips County, Colorado.
A microburst wind estimated around 150 mph did extensive damage in the town of Streamwood, in the Chicago metro area in Illinois. At least $10 million dollars damage was done to 25 stores and industrial buildings. Radar and eyewitness accounts indicated no rain or thunderstorms in the immediate vicinity of the area at the time.
A large amount of severe weather and flash flooding rolled across southeast South Dakota and into northwest Iowa. A phenomenal 6 to 7 inches of rain fell in Dickinson and Emmett Counties during a 3 to 4 hour period. The Des Moines River rose several feet in just a few hours. Ocheyedan received 3 inches in just 45 minutes and Allendorf picked up 2.80 inches in 30 minutes. Aside from the flash flooding, the main feature with these storms was the high winds. Many locations in northwest Iowa reported winds in excess of 60 mph, with some locations clocking speeds of 70 to 80 mph. In Emmett County in the Ringsted area, 3.50 inch hail fell and baseball size hail covered the ground just north of Estherville. Several tornadoes were also spawned during the evening, but most of them were brief touchdowns and caused little damage. Millions of dollars in damage was caused from the thunderstorms across the area.
No river traffic was moving on the 585 miles of the Mississippi River from St. Paul, MN to Cairo, IL and on 535 miles of the Missouri River from Sioux City, IA to the point it joined the Mighty Mississippi. More than 5, 000 loaded barges were stranded. For the first time in history, major floods came down both rivers at the same time.
Lake Havasu City, AZ recorded a blistering 128° for the hottest reading ever in that state. The previous record was 127° at Parker on 7/7/1905. Laughlin soared to 125° to set Nevada’s all-time high temperature record.
Death Valley, CA set their June record high temperature with 128°. Palm Springs, CA tied their June record high of 121° (6/24/1957 & 6/26/1957). This was broken on 6/29/13.
Other daily record highs included: Victorville, CA: 111° and Big Bear Lake, CA: 89°. The overnight low of 78° at Palomar Mountain, CA was an all-time record high minimum.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in Australia occurred when Charlotte Pass, New South Wales fell to -9.4°.
A derecho which originated in Iowa, moved across Illinois during the afternoon and evening, and continued as far east as Ohio the next morning. Every county in central Illinois sustained some sort of damage, as these severe thunderstorms passed. Winds gusted in the 60 to 80 mph range, with some localized microbursts producing winds in excess of 100 mph. Significant damage occurred in the microburst areas, including the towns of Morton, McLean, LeRoy, and Tolono. Trees were blown over, buildings lost their roofs, and in Tolono, 22 cars of a southbound 101-car Illinois Central freight train were blown off the tracks. It was unknown how many cars were picked up by the wind, but 16 cars were turned over and another 6 derailed but remained upright. The train was en route to Centralia from Chicago with a load of mixed freight, including plastic pellets and meal. The freight cars empty weighed about 60,000 pounds, while a full one weighs about 260,000 pounds. Overall, 12 people were injured, and damage was estimated around $16 million dollars.
The high of 110° established the all time high for Dodge City, KS.
This date marked the beginning of a near record hot streak at Denver, CO. The high temperature at Denver International Airport exceeded 90° for 17 consecutive days from this date through July 15th. This was one day short of the all-time record of 18 consecutive days (7/1 – 7/18/1874 & 7/6 – 7/23/1901).
Tragic news in Las Vegas, NV as a five month old baby boy died after being left in a car for more than five hours. Temperatures inside the vehicle reached greater than 140°.
Tropical Storm Bill made landfall south of Houma, LA with top winds of 60 mph, spreading a six foot storm surge across the low lying portions of the Louisiana Coast. For the second time in two years, the town of Montegut, LA was flooded after the town’s protection levee was breeched. Bill dumped 5 to 8 inches from Louisiana to Alabama. A tornado at Reserve, LA injured four people.
Madrid, Spain set a 73 year record as the high temperature soared to 104° while Cordoba, Spain climbed to 108°.
Heavy rains of 3 to 7 inches fell across far eastern Brown, western and northern Day, and most of Marshall Counties in South Dakota during the early morning and again in the afternoon hours. One location measured 5 inches of rain in two hours. Many township roads and highways were flooded along with thousands of acres of cropland. Water surrounded several homes resulting in people being rescued. Some of the homes were flooded. Many bridges were damaged and roads and culverts were washed out. In Day County, 30 roads were washed out and 15 bridges were damaged. Some rainfall amounts include 5.04 inches in Britton, 3.34 inches north of Columbia, and 2.08 inches at Aberdeen. Total June rainfall for some locations in Marshall and Day Counties was between 11 and 12 inches. The flooding continued into early July before receding by July 10th.
A super derecho left a path of destruction across the Midwest and mid-Atlantic states. Winds gusted to 91 mph at the Fort Wayne International Airport, IN. At least four semi-trucks are blown over by the winds on I-75 between Findlay and Bluffton, OH. Power was disrupted from Indiana to Maryland.
Palm Springs, CA set their all-time June record high with 122° while Thermal, CA tied their all-time June record high with 122°.
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