Meteorological events that happened on June 28th:
The Battle of Monmouth in central New Jersey was fought in sweltering heat. The temperature was 96° in the shade, and there were more casualties from the heat than from bullets.
24 people were killed by a tornado which cut a 40 mile swath through Southwest Wisconsin.
The temperature at Orogrande, UT; just outside of St. George soared to 116° to establish a record for the state.
An F4 tornado hit Sandusky, OH then moved eastward across Lake Erie to strike Lorain, OH. 15 of the 64 deaths at Lorain occurred in the State Theatre, where a silent film was being shown. The tune "Sacrifice" was being played on the piano when the twister struck. The tornado produced a massive wave on Lake Erie. 85 people were killed and total damage was $12.5 million dollars.
The record high temperature was set for the state of South Carolina. The temperature reached 111° at the town of Camden.
On this date through the 29th, the remnants of Hurricane Audrey combined with another area of low pressure over the Lower Lakes region and produced one of the worst June storms of record and established a new record low sea-level pressure of 29.04 inHg for the month of June. Heavy rains totaled 1.73 inches in 24 hours. The resulting gale on the 29th caused some of the worst damage to power lines in 30 years. One man was killed by a falling wire. Minor tree and crop damage resulted from the winds and rains.
In extreme east central Illinois, the town of Paris, in Edgar County, reported 10.20 inches of rainfall. This was a major contributor to a record June rainfall total of 17.65 inches, as well as a record year total of 61.59 inches. Weather records in Paris began in 1893.
Kentucky registered their record maximum 24-hour precipitation as 10.41 inches of rain fell at Dunmor.
Unseasonably heavy snow from the Cascades to the Northern Rockies, with 3 inches at Odell Lake, OR, and 2 inches at Mt. Rainier, WA through the 29th. Snow fell at Jackson, WY through the next day, with 8 inches at Mystic Lake, MT (elevation 6,558 feet). Some western Wyoming roads above 9,000 feet were closed for several hours.
Lee Trevino and two other golfers were struck by lightning at the Western Open golf tournament in Oak Brook, IL. Lee was almost killed and required back surgery. He still lives with discomfort today.
The temperature reached 96° in Mayflower Park, Southampton England for the warmest temperature ever for the month of June in England.
The temperature at Wichita Falls TX soared to 117°, their hottest reading on record (later tied 6/27/94 & 6/25/2011. Daily highs were 110° or above between June 24th and July 3rd. Other daily records included: Dallas (DFW), TX: 112°, Dallas, TX: 110°, Abilene, TX: 109°, Lubbock, TX: 108°, Waco, TX: 106°, Oklahoma City, OK: 105°, San Antonio, TX: 103°, Houston, TX: 101°, Los Angeles (LAX), CA: 98°, Los Angeles (Downtown), CA: 98° and San Diego, CA: 95°.
Thunderstorms developing along a cold front produced severe weather in the north central U.S. Thunderstorms in Nebraska produced wind gusts to 70 mph and baseball size hail at Arapahoe, and wind gusts to 80 mph along with baseball size hail at Wolback and Belgrade.
Several cities in the Ohio Valley reported record low temperatures for the date, including Cincinnati, OH: 50° and Dayton, OH: 52°.
Showers and thunderstorms brought much needed rains to parts of the central U.S. Madison WI received 1.67 inches of rain, a record for the date, and their first measurable rain since the Mother's Day tornado outbreak on May 8th.
Evening thunderstorms deluged Winnfield, LA with 11 inches of rain in 4 hours and 15 minutes, and Baton Rouge, LA reported 11 inches of rain in two days. Totals in west central Louisiana ranged up to 17 inches.
Thunderstorms produced severe weather in the northern Plains. Two inch hail broke windows in nearly every building at Comstock, NE. Thunderstorms in North Dakota produced two inch hail at Killdeer, and golf ball size hail at Zap.
Thunderstorms moved into northwestern Iowa with high winds and hail. Winds near 100 mph caused tremendous damage in the Everly area, snapping numerous power poles. 60 to 65 mph winds were very common with these storms across northwest Iowa. In O'Brien County, 3 inch diameter hail fell at Hospers and in Sioux County, 2 inch hail fell at Boyden. Some of the hail stones hit with such force that they punched through the roofs of houses in both Boyden and Hospers.
KDIO radio in Ortonville, MN clocked thunderstorm winds of 80 to 85 mph for several minutes as a thunderstorm passed. There were reports of numerous trees downed and scattered power outages in Ortonville.
Very heavy rains fell over southwest Florida as the result of a slow moving tropical depression. Up to 25 inches of rain fell in the Venice area during the four-day period beginning on the 25th ending on this date. 8 to 14 inches of rainfall was common over Sarasota and Manatee counties. The flooding killed two people.
Extremely hot temperatures prevailed from Texas to the Southwest. Laughlin, NV reached 124°, the state's all-time record high temperature. Monahans, TX reached 120° tying the state’s all-time temperature record. Other daily records included: Yuma, AZ: 116°, Tucson, AZ: 115°, Las Vegas, NV: 115°, Midland-Odessa, TX: 114°, El Paso, TX: 113°, San Angelo, TX: 110° and Del Rio, TX: 108°.
After a record temperature of 114° was set earlier in the day at the Midland International Airport in Texas, lightning from high-based thunderstorms started several grass, causing officials to close highways in the area. Over 2,000 acres of land were consumed by the fire.
Record breaking heat occurred across parts of the southern Plains. Amarillo, TX (recently broken, currently 6/26/2011: 111°) and Dodge City, KS both set their all-time record high temperatures with 108° and 110° respectively. Roswell, NM recorded a record daily high of 110°.
A damaging severe thunderstorm rolled in from the east into Liberal, KS. The combination of 80 to 100 mph wind and hail larger than golf balls produced at least $8 million dollars in damage. Flash flooding occurred following the devastating hail and wind storm. Nearly all streets in and around Liberal were flooded. Several cars were stranded.
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