Meteorological events that happened on June 27th:
Fish fell from the sky at Tiller's Ferry, SC during a thunderstorm. According to the Monthly Weather Review, hundreds of fish could be spotted swimming between the rows of cotton.
The temperature at Fort Yukon, AK soared to 100° to establish a state record.
The highest minimum temperature was recorded at Palm Springs, CA; as the overnight low dropped to just 97°.
Record heat occurred across the Midwest. Locations setting record June high temperatures included: Fayette, IA: 108°, Charles City, IA: 105°, Grand Meadow, MN: 105°, New Hampton, IA: 105°, and Rochester, MN: 105°.
Other daily record highs included: Waterloo, IA: 107°, Sioux City, IA: 104°, Peoria, IL: 104°, Springfield, IL: 104°, Des Moines, IA: 102°, Dubuque, IA: 102°, Moline, IL: 102°, Sioux Falls, SD: 101° and Indianapolis, IN: 100°.
The Netherlands recorded their hottest June day on record when the high reached 101° in Maastricht.
Shortly after midnight a tornado struck the northern part of Wakeeney, KS killing 4 people and completely destroying 45 homes. Around 60 more homes were heavily damaged. The loss was estimated at nearly $2 million dollars.
Lodgepole, CA received 0.2 inches of snow pushing the seasonal snowfall total to 522.9 inches; making it their snowiest winter ever. This is also the latest snow has fallen there.
A strong tornado moved through Scottsbluff along a 26 mile track. 25 people were injured with 2 fatalities. Damage was about $250,000 dollars, significant for that time.
Hurricane Audrey strengthened rapidly just before landfall on the Gulf Coast near Cameron, LA on the Texas/Louisiana border. The storm's central pressure dropped from 973 to 930 millibars in just five hours with winds reaching 150 mph. Oil rigs off the Louisiana coast reported wind gusts to 180 mph. The hurricane generated a storm surge of at least 12 feet. 390 people died in Louisiana with another 192 were reported missing. The loss of life was the greatest in the United States since the 1938 Hurricane in New England. Areas as far as 25 miles inland were inundated by the tides. A brick courthouse and cement block icehouse was the only structures standing in Cameron after the hurricane. Just four buildings were left standing in Crede. A 78 ton fishing boat was tossed up and onto an offshore oil drilling platform. 14 people were injured in tornadoes in Alabama after landfall. The storm then affected the south-central United States as a powerful extra-tropical storm. In its wake, Audrey left $1 billion dollars in damage and at least 419 fatalities. Citizens brought an unsuccessful lawsuit against the U.S. Weather Bureau for not warning them properly, since forecasts the night before were for a much weaker and slower moving hurricane.
Richmond, VA recorded its worst flood on record from the remnants of Hurricane Agnes. The water level at the city locks reached 36.5 feet, considerably higher than the 1771 level of 30 feet.
Thunderstorms moving out of Nebraska produced severe weather in north central Kansas after midnight. Thunderstorm winds gusting to 100 mph damaged more than 50 camping trailers at the state park campground at Lake Waconda injuring 16 people. Thunderstorm winds gusted to 80 mph at Beloit and Sylvan Grove.
The afternoon high of 107° at Bismarck, ND was a record for the month of June, and Pensacola, FL equaled their June record with a reading of 101°. Other daily record highs included: Rapid City, SD: 102° and Williston, ND: 101°.
In contrast, temperatures in the Great Lakes Region and the Ohio Valley dipped into the 40’s. Flint, MI to 44° and Toledo, OH dropped to 45°; both record lows for the date.
Thunderstorms produced severe weather from the Ohio Valley to western New England. Thunderstorm spawned six tornadoes, and 98 reports of large hail or damaging winds.
Tropical Storm Allison spawned six tornadoes in Louisiana, injuring two people at Hackberry. Fort Polk, LA was drenched with 10.09 inches of rain in 36 hours, and 12.87 inches was reported at the Gorum Fire Tower in northern Louisiana.
A series of severe thunderstorms ripped across Lake, Lincoln, and Minnehaha counties in southeast South Dakota. The storms produced some of the most widespread damage from wind and hail that the area had seen in several years. Damage to property in Sioux Falls and surrounding areas was considerable. In Sioux Falls, two houses were destroyed and another 150 houses and numerous businesses received significant damage from strong winds. In Colton, SD several homes and businesses lost windows due to hail and strong winds. Lightning caused a fire which burnt a home to the ground in Crooks, SD. Total damage from the storms exceeded $10 million dollars. Fortunately for residents of southwest Minnesota the storms decreased in strength as they crossed the state line.
Record heat continued in parts of the Rockies to the southwest. Many locations recorded record high temperatures for the date including Borrego Springs, CA: 119°, Yuma, AZ: 119°, Phoenix, AZ: 118°, Tucson, AZ: 112°, Santa Ana, CA: 104°, Escondido, CA: 103°, Denver, CO: 102° and San Diego, CA: 91°.
A record warm night occurred in Minneapolis, MN as the low temperature fell to just 79°. The normal high temperature for this date is 81°.
A severe thunderstorm dumped one to two feet of marble to golf ball size hail at Holyoke, MA. The hail lasted for 25 minutes and drifts reached three feet.
A line of severe thunderstorms moved across southwestern Kansas. Large hail, damaging winds, and flash flooding occurred across the area. A tornado was reported 8 miles west southwest of Dodge City. Rainfall amounts of five to six inches were reported in some counties. Softball size hail blew out windows and screens of a building 3 miles south of Cimarron.
A supercell thunderstorm produced five tornadoes over Hutchinson, Carson and Moore counties in Texas, including an F4 which did $35.4 million dollars in damage as it tore through Fritch. A resident of Fritch videotaped as the huge multiple vortex tornado approached, and kept the tape rolling until the tornado was practically on top of him. He survived, with the tape intact. The tape showed one of the most graphic and breathtaking displays of tornadic devastation ever recorded.
The big heat continued in the southwestern U.S. Lakewood, NM hit a scorching 119° to set a record. Pilot Plant east of Carlsbad in southwest New Mexico set the state’s all-time high temperature record as they hit 122°. Afternoon highs of 119° at Quanah, TX, 116° at Midland, TX, 114° at Lubbock, TX and Roswell, NM, and 113° at El Paso, TX set new all-time records for those locations. The mesonet station four miles south of Tipton, OK hit 120°, to tie the state record high temperature. Other daily record highs included: Victorville, CA: 109°, Abilene, TX: 109°, Albuquerque, NM: 104° and Palomar Mountain, CA: 94°.
It was a wet day in portions of the sunshine state. 8.65 inches of rain fell in Gordonsville, FL.
An intense squall line developed over Minnesota and moved into Wisconsin, producing extensive wind damage. Winds in excess of 100 mph struck Monroe County, Wisconsin as the line of thunderstorms passed.
A severe thunderstorm produced hail as large as baseballs in and around Scottsbluff, NE. 25 people were reported injured mainly from broken glass with damage estimated from $55 to $60 million dollars.
After reaching 93° the previous day, the mercury soared to 91° at Edmonton, Alberta Canada causing the city to cancel Canada Day fireworks for the first time due to tinder-dry conditions in urban ravines and woodlots.
France recorded its hottest June day on record as the temperature reached 107° in Lezignan-Corbieres.
Tropical Storm Tingting deluged the island of Guam with 16 inches of rain, shattering the daily rainfall record of 3.16 inches set in 1962.
Cold and snowy weather affected much of South Africa dropping as much as 10 inches of snow on parts of the country. In Johannesburg, this was their first significant snowfall since 1981. One fatality was attributed to the cold.
On this date through the 30th, in the Siberian "pole of cold", Verkhoyansk, one of two coldest permanent settlements on Earth, recorded four-straight days of highs 88° to 90°. Nearby in the city of Yakutsk, the high hit 90°.
The National Weather Service reported a record "dew point depression" of 129 degrees Fahrenheit at Las Vegas, NV. At the time, the air temperature was 107° with a dew point of -22°. (The dew point depression is the difference between the air temperature and dew point temperature.) At this time, the relative humidity was 1%. The previous record dew point depression was 120 Fahrenheit degrees set on 7/2/2007.
Polar temperatures and unusual snowfall chilled several cities in Brazil's southern states. Four cities in Santa Catarina state were blanketed with a rare snow. Thermometers dipped to a low temperature of 21.7° at Urubici with wind chill as low as +3.2°.
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