Meteorological events that happened on June 17th:
The Battle for Breed's Hill near Bunker Hill took place. The diary of Edward Holyoke reported the weather as "serene, dry air, hot - 80° - W and WSW winds."
It was 133° at Santa Barbara, CA from hot Sundowner winds. This incredible (and disputed) record may be the highest coastal temperature ever recorded on Earth as is only three degrees off the world record. Accuracy is discredited as the temperature sensor was in full sun. The heat was reported to have roasted fruit on one side.
An F5 tornado traveled more than 200 miles across the state of Iowa killing 130 people. The tornado touched down about 90 miles west of Grinnell, and struck the town and college around sunset, killing as many as 68 people. Traveling at nearly 60 mph, the tornado hit Mount Pleasant about 11pm. Total damage was around $1 million dollars.
The third deadliest tornado in Canadian history struck southwestern Ontario from Windsor to Tecumseh. 17 people were killed and hundreds injured. Damage was conservatively estimated at $1.5 million dollars.
A tropical depression spawned several tornadoes, the most severe in Miami, FL since 1925. A tornado moved northeast through Miami, across Biscayne Bay and then out to sea. 77 people were injured, mostly from flying glass. Heavy rain caused crop damage
in southwest Florida and tides were 2 to 3 feet above normal from St. Petersburg to Naples. On this date through the 21st, heavy rains over the southern peninsula caused considerable flooding in poorly drained and low lying agricultural areas and some residential sections. Considerable pasture land and some citrus land, particularly in the Indian River section, were inundated. Some highways also sustained flood damage. High tides along the west coast from Tampa south damaged boat docks and caused beach erosion. 5-day rain totals were mostly 7 to 12 inches with some scattered amounts 15 inches or more reported. This Depression went on to become a hurricane and killed 33 lobster fishermen in the Canadian Maritimes.
Heavy rains just west of Binghamton, NY produced 3 inches in less than 30 minutes. Flash flooding was reported in Johnson City, Vestal, and the northern sides of Endicott, NY.
Holly, CO was deluged with 11.08 inches of rain to establish a state 24-hour rainfall record.
This was the 24th consecutive day of at least a trace of precipitation at Denver, CO. Precipitation totaled 5.87 inches during that period; more than a third of their total annual rainfall.
On this date through the 18th, Tropical Depression Brenda crossed Key West, FL and moved through central Florida exiting into the Atlantic near Jacksonville. This storm gained hurricane strength north of Bermuda.
Hurricane Bridget passed just 30 miles off of Acapulco, MX. The storm was the worst in 25 years as winds gusted to 100 mph. The flagship of the Admiral of the Mexican Navy went down during the storm.
An F2 tornado hit the showboat "Whippoorwill" on Pomona Lake in Osage County, Kansas as it left the dock for a dinner cruise. 16 of the 58 passengers drowned as the boat capsized, making the twister the deadliest tornado of the year.
On this date through the 18th, a subtropical storm moved from the southeast Gulf of Mexico, northeast across the central Florida Peninsula into the Atlantic causing at least 12 tornadoes, high winds, extensive beach erosion along the west coast, and heavy rain that flooded rivers and urban areas. From Tampa Bay to Naples some waterfront building suffered damage from undermining and damage to marinas and small boats was widespread. Heavy rains caused flooding of six rivers and creeks in west central Florida. On the Manatee River, 20 families were evacuated. The Peace River crested a week after the storm causing the evacuation of 130 families. A one and a half year old boy drowned in a flooded drainage ditch, and a Brevard County woman drowned when her canoe turned over, her four year old son was rescued after clinging to the canoe for six hours. 12 tornadoes were reported between the morning of the 17th and the morning of the 18th from Dade and Broward Counties to Polk and Volusia counties. On the evening of the 17th, a tornado destroyed five trailers and two cars in northwest Hendry County, killing a man in a trailer and seriously injuring his wife. In Glades County, five more trailers, a cabin, and a camper were destroyed by the same tornado injuring three people. Another tornado moved through the Lake Josephine area in Highlands County destroying 23 homes and mobile homes and damaging many more, injuring nine people. The 10 other tornadoes caused much property damage, but no deaths or serious injuries.
The highest wind occurrence at Columbia, MO was recorded at 95 mph. This wind occurred on the same day that a tornado struck the Columbia Regional Airport causing damage to 22 planes.
Thunderstorms produced severe weather in the south central U.S. Thunderstorms in Kansas produced wind gusts to 76 mph at Lyons, and baseball size hail at Garden City.
The Edwards Aquifer, which supplies water to San Antonio, TX, reached a record level of 699.2 feet following a record 18.43 inches of rain over the previous 30 days. Torrential rains between mid May and mid June sent 8.8 million acre feet of water down the rivers of southern Texas, the largest volume in 100 years of records.
A line of thunderstorms developed ahead of a cold front in northwestern Iowa. Severe weather with this line of storms was mostly due to strong straight-line winds. Reports of trees and outbuildings being downed were very extensive. Just southeast of Salix, six-inch diameter tree limbs were thrown through the side of a trailer, and 2x4s from one building were buried two to three feet into the ground. Extensive damage was also reported from Climbing Hill to Correctionville. Microburst winds of 105 mph were recorded at the Spencer Airport.
Record cold occurred over the Pacific Northwest. New record low temperature marks were established at Burns, OR with 31° and Yakima, WA with 36°.
Four consecutive days of severe thunderstorms and heavy rains from the 15th through the 18th resulted in flooding across northeast and east central South Dakota. Heavy rains of 5 to 20 inches caused extensive flooding, washing out numerous roads, bridges, and culverts and drowning livestock. Many crops in northeast and east central South Dakota were either flooded out by the heavy rains or severely damaged by hailstorms. The Big Sioux River swelled to almost three miles wide in places. Many houses and farm buildings were left as islands after being completely surrounded by water. Exhausted farmers battled the flood waters to save their livestock, with many animals dying. The main flooding along the Big Sioux River extended from the Watertown area to near Dell Rapids and lasted for a week.
Springfield, IL saw a high temperature of 89° on this date. This in itself isn't unusual for June. However, this ended up being the warmest temperature recorded in June 1992. Since weather records began in Springfield in 1879, only eight Junes have failed to record a temperature of 90° or higher.
12 days of temperatures in the 90s and heat indices over 100° produced numerous reports of heat related illnesses and minor damage to crops. At St. Louis, MO four deaths and 33 heat related illnesses were reported from this date through the 23rd. In the county of St. Louis, 10 heat related illnesses were reported.
What a difference a few miles and an ocean makes. The morning low at the Atlantic City Airport, NJ was 47°, cool enough to set a record. A short distance away, at the state marina, the temperature was a milder 61°.
A freak snowstorm dropped up to 8 inches of snow over the Snowy Mountain Range in Wyoming. The snow stranded travelers on the Snowy range pass and required plows to assist them in getting out.
Tropical Storm Allison formed off the coast of Texas and moved inland on the 6th.
The storm remained well organized and brought torrential rain and flooding from
Texas, through the southern states and into the Mid-Atlantic region on its 10 day journey
to the Atlantic Ocean. Allison regained tropical storm strength again east of Atlantic City, NJ. Rainfall amounts of more than 10 inches were measured in the northwest suburbs of Philadelphia, PA.
A weak tornado touched down briefly in the town of Newry, ME. The main damage was to about 200 trees. The interesting thing about the F1 tornado was that it struck the same piece of property that had been struck by a tornado less than one year earlier.
A 100 year-old bank building in Toyah, TX was destroyed when strong winds affected the community. Radar reflectivity data depicted strong to severe thunderstorms well to the west of Toyah in adjacent Culberson County, however, only light reflectivity returns were indicated in the Toyah area and appeared to be associated with anvil blow-off down wind of the severe storms. The Reeves County Emergency Manager reported winds around 50 mph when the building was destroyed. These winds were likely associated with outflow from the distant storms. The structural integrity of the historic building may have been compromised by the extensive flooding event which affected the community in early April.
Torrential rains drenched Abercrombie, ND with 7.5 inches of rain, shattering the previous daily maximum rainfall record of 2 inches set in 1959 and exceeding the previous all-time rainfall record of 4.9 inches set on 6/30/1958.
A tornado leveled a house, knocked down power poles and overturned about a dozen railroad cars at Aurora, NE. The tornado was rated EF2, with winds between 111 and 135 mph.
Soaking rains across the middle south of Chile in South America left 24-hour rainfall totals of 3.15 inches at Valdivia, 2.22 inches at Osorno and 1.61 inches at Concepcion.
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