Listed are Meteorological events that happened on June 1st:
Today is the first day of the Atlantic Hurricane Season.
Apple trees at New Haven, CT did not blossom until the first of June, the latest such occurrence during the period beginning in 1794.
Snow whitened the ground at Cleveland, OH and Rochester, NY.
A strong tornado just 50 to 75 yards wide killed 104 people and injured 180 others around Gainesville/New Holland, GA. Fifty, including many children, killed when storm strikes the Gainesville Cotton Mill. The tornado strengthened and widened near the end of its four mile path, killing 40 people at New Holland, GA.
Sarmiento, Argentina recorded South America’s coldest temperature ever as the mercury dropped to -29°.
Snowfall of almost a half inch fell at Denver, CO. This is their greatest 24-hour snowfall recorded in the month of June. Two temperature records were set: The low temperature of 32° was a record low for the date and the high of only 40° was a record low maximum. Cheyenne, WY recorded 1.6 inches of snow, which is one of only 6 times that at least one inch of snow has fallen at Cheyenne in June.
June started off on a hot note as high temperatures surpassed the century mark across parts of the Midwest. Several locations tied or set record high temperatures for June including: Rockford, IL: 106°, Mather, WI: 105°, Hatfield, WI: 103°, Mondovi, WI: 102°, Chicago, IL: 102° and Grand Rapids, MI tied their June record high with 102°.
Air Force weather flights into Pacific typhoons commenced on this date.
Billings, MT, Sheridan, WY and Miles City, MT recorded their all-time coldest June high temperatures of 36°, 38° & 40° respectively.
For about three seconds, a brilliantly white and apparently spherical ball of fire occurred at tree-top height, vividly lighting the area near the Cabin John Bridge exit of the Capital Beltway in Maryland, just northwest of Washington, D.C. The eerie phenomenon was ball lightning from a thunderstorm.
8 inches of snow fell at Rainier Park Ranger Station in Washington (elevation 5,427 feet). This ended up as the final snowfall of the 1970-71 winter season and brought the seasonal snowfall total to 1,027 inches to set a new record for the U.S. Despite this huge amount of snow, even more fell in the 1971- 72 season.
A man from Falmouth, ME was struck by lightning restoring his eyesight. The man had been blind and partially deaf since a truck accident in 1971.
Severe thunderstorms produced grapefruit size hail at Edmond, OK and some hail fell for as long as 20 minutes. Total damage in the Edmond area was up to $10 million dollars, as the hail destroyed the roofs and windows of many homes and autos. Softball size hail fell in Kingfisher, Blaine, and Logan Counties, while hail reached baseball size around Lake Lawtonka, in Comanche County.
In Massachusetts, the Connecticut River reached its highest level since the hurricane flood of September 1938.
The temperature at Apalachicola, FL tumbled to 48°, breaking the old record of 61° set in 1966.
A large amount of hail fell across Central and Northeast New England. Four inch hailstones fell in Cumberland County, Maine. Six inches of hail accumulated at Naples, ME.
Three tornadoes struck Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Canada tearing off roofs and breaking windows. Storms were accompanied by high winds and hail.
Severe thunderstorms in the Upper Mississippi Valley and the Lower Ohio Valley produced wind gusts to 81 mph at Albert Lea Airport in southern Minnesota, and baseball size hail around Otterbein, IN, Sarona, WI, and Danville, IL. Two inches of baseball size hail totally destroyed 5,000 acres of corn and soybean north of Danville.
Thunderstorms drenched north central Texas with torrential rains, with more than 14 inches reported in parts of Commanche County.
Thunderstorms developing during the afternoon over the Southern Plains Region produced severe weather through the evening and the night, spawning 9 tornadoes. Thunderstorms produced wind gusts to 80 mph at Alpine, TX, and baseball size hail at Balmorhea and Fluvanna, TX, and in Borden County, Texas.
A violent F4 tornado hit Bakersville Valley in west Texas. The tornado killed two people and injured 21 others. It also removed 300 feet of blacktop asphalt from a paved road and rolled two 90-ton oil tanks a distance of three miles and put them 600 feet up the side of a mountain. Total damage was $35 million dollars.
A man skydiving southwest of Las Vegas, NV inadvertently crossed paths with a dust devil causing his parachute to collapse about 30 feet above the ground. The man died from injuries sustained in the resulting fall.
Over 1,300 wildfires burned out of control in Florida as the state baked in an extended dry period. Fires were burning in every county in the state but one.
A tornado with an intermittent damage path, damaged 200 homes, businesses, and other buildings in the southern portion of St. James, MO. Of these, 33 homes were destroyed along with the St. James Golf Course clubhouse and two Missouri Department of Transportation buildings. Initially, the tornado produced F1 damage, damaging roofs and destroying a barn. The tornado then moved east, south of the downtown St. James area and intensified. F2 to F3 damage occurred with a 200 to 300 yard damage path. Several homes and farm buildings were severely damaged or destroyed. The tornado then weakened rapidly, producing F1 damage with a damage path width of 150 yards about 3 miles southeast of downtown. Further north, severe thunderstorms produced many tornadoes around central Illinois. The most intense tornado touched down in Montgomery County south of Farmersville, and moved into southwest Christian County. One person was killed, when a semi-trailer was overturned at a rest area on I-55. Tornadoes also touched down east of Pana, in Shelby County. Across eastern parts of the state, high winds up to 70 mph caused damage to trees, power lines, and some buildings. The Mattoon area also reported flooding from these storms, producing $3 million dollars damage.
The high temperature at Denver, CO equaled or exceeded 90° for 13 consecutive days equaling the 5th longest such streak on record. The record of 18 consecutive days was set during the summer of 1901.
Thunderstorm activity well to the northeast of the Eddy and Lea County plains enduced a strong meso high and associated outflow winds which evolved into a classic haboob wind and dust storm. The haboob swept south and southeast across most of those counties, and resulted in minor damage. Radar and surface observations indicate the outflow originated as a complex of weak and disorganized storms moved across the area northeast of Roswell, some 50 miles away from northern Eddy County. Thertesia AWOS measured a wind gust of 74 MPH. Real-time reports, along with subsequent photographs provided by the county emergency manager, indicated a large wall of dust associated with the leading edge of the damaging winds. Power poles were blown down as the winds swept across the west side of Carlsbad, at least 60 to 70 miles south of the parent thunderstorms. The haboob significantly reduced local visibilities across both Eddy and Lea Counties, with severe wind gusts limited to Eddy County.
The UV Index at Toronto, Ontario Canada reached 10.56, rounded to 11, extreme by the 5-category UV scale. This is the first time this extreme category has ever been attained in Canada.
An EF3 tornado caused significant damage in West Springfield, MA tearing a path 39 miles long. The tornado crossed the Connecticut River then caused serious damage in downtown Springfield. Many structures sustained serious damage or were completely destroyed. The tornado grew to a half a mile wide. Four people were killed and another 200 people injured.
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