Meteorological events that happened on July 28th:
The Sea Venture was crippled by a hurricane as it headed to Jamestown, VA with provisions for the starving colonists. The 150 men, women and children found safe shelter on the Bahama Islands, which the captain named Somers Islands after the ship's captain. Most of the colonists moved into Virginia the next year, but the island still celebrates Somers Day each July 28.
A small but intense hurricane passed over Bay Saint Louis, MS. The hurricane was considered the worst in 50 years. Few houses were left standing either at Bay Saint Louis or at Pass Christian, and much of the Mississippi coast was desolate following the storm. A U.S. cutter was lost along with its 39 crew members. The storm struck the same area that was hit 150 years later by Hurricane Camille.
Temperatures reached 102.7° in Basel, one of Switzerland's hottest days on record. Meanwhile, at the same time there was a heat wave over France. Highs reached 101° at Toulouse and at Paris. Meanwhile, the Netherlands recorded its hottest July day on record when highs reach 98° in Maastricht.
The temperature at Greensburg, KY soared to 114° to set a state record. Bowling Green set their all-time record high with 113°. Bloomington, IN hit 109°.
The temperature at Grofino, ID climbed to 118° to establish a record for Idaho.
Sheridan, WY recorded their all-time record high minimum temperature of 77°. The afternoon high of 106° was their second hottest temperature ever.
A severe storm with hail up to an inch and a half in diameter broke windows, ruined roofs, and stripped trees of leaves near Benson, AZ. The temperature dropped to 37°, with hail was three to four inches deep and drifts close to four feet high.
Moisture from a west-northwest moving tropical storm which dissipated west of central Baja California generated up to two inches of rain across the deserts and mountains of the southwest beginning of this date ending on the 29th. This occurred during the El Nino of 1957-58.
A severe thunderstorm produced a tornado causing F3 damage in Madison County in Illinois. The twister destroyed 11 homes, two churches, and a school in the western part of New Douglas and was responsible for 3 deaths and 30 injuries.
Severe thunderstorms moving out of South Dakota across Iowa produce high winds which derailed 18 piggyback trailer cars of a westbound freight train near Boone, IA. 16 of the cars fell 187 feet into the Des Moines River. A particularly ferocious storm produced a large tornado which crossed into Iowa just 5 miles south of Sioux City. The tornado packing winds estimated between 207 and 260 miles an hour tore into a coal-burning power plant and caused between $25 and $50 million dollars in damage. The tornado continued across farmland before damaging a convenience store and demolishing a motel in Sloan.
Thunderstorms in Nevada produced wind gusts to 70 mph at Searchlight, reducing visibilities to near zero in blowing dust and sand. Thunderstorms in Montana drenched Lonesome Lake with 3.78 inches of rain.
Thunderstorms drenched Wilmington, NC with 3.33 inches of rain, bringing their monthly total 14.46 inches.
Several cities in Michigan and Minnesota reported record high temperatures for the date. Marquette, MI hit 99°, and the record high of 94° at Flint, MI was their 10th of the month.
Early evening thunderstorms over Florida produced wind gusts to 68 mph at Fort Myers, and evening thunderstorms in South Dakota produced nearly 2 inches of rain in 20 minutes at Pierpoint.
In a macabre incident, hundreds of burial vaults and caskets were dislodged by flood waters at Hardin, MO during the Great Flood of 1993.
A heat wave prevailed across the southwestern U.S. Yuma, AZ reached its all-time high temperature reading with 124°. Palm Springs, CA hit 123° on this date and the 29th tying their all-time record high (7/10/1979 & 8/1/1993). It was 121° at Borrego Springs, CA, their highest temperature on record for July and their second highest temperature ever. Other record highs included: Riverside, CA: 107°, Idyllwild, CA: 95° and Big Bear Lake, CA: 90°.
8 to 10 inches of rain fell across the Spring Creek basin near Fort Collins, CO during the evening hours. The water pooled behind a railroad track bed that acted as a dam, building the water level to a height of 20 feet. When the water began rushing over the top of the track bed, it quickly eroded the earthen embankment, and a wall of water 10 feet to 20 feet high rushed through two trailer parks in the city. 120 mobile homes and 19 houses were destroyed. Damage totaled $200 million dollars. The disaster hit just days before the 21st anniversary of the Big Thompson River flood, which killed 145 people about 20 miles southwest of Fort Collins.
Severe thunderstorms unleashed damaging winds and torrential rain from Mohave Valley to near Oatman, NV. Flood waters blocked roads and produced winds which damaged 45 residential properties and tore the roof completely off a duplex. Several carports and numerous trees and power lines were blown down.
In what was described by local residents as the worst flooding in 14 years, severe thunderstorms pounded Needles, CA with damaging winds and torrential rain. Rainfall estimates between 2 and 3 inches in less than one hour inundated and damaged part of a highway and made many local roads impassable. The strong wind gusts destroyed some car ports and downed numerous trees and power lines, further blocking traffic. No injuries were reported.
16 people were injured when Pam Am flight 165, a Boeing 727 traveling from Orlando, FL to Pittsburgh, PA encountered severe clear air turbulence.
Three young girls wading in knee deep water in the inlet between Rockaway and Atlantic Beach in Queens were swept away and drowned as dangerous rip currents funneled through the inlet.
Heavy rain produced flash flooding across western north Texas and south-central Oklahoma. Up to 8 inches of rain fell across Archer and Knox counties, with nearly 5 inches across Wichita and Clay counties. Runoff caused several rivers to spill their banks, including the South Wichita River, which eventually crested nearly 5 feet above flood stage near Benjamin, the 3rd highest crest on record for that site. Ardmore, OK received nearly 5 inches as well, along with flash flooding at the Chickasaw National Recreation Center.
On this date through the 29th, persistent rainfall of 6.5 inches over two days flooded the western Bama region in Burkina Faso, Western Africa. The rains were considered the worst in 16 years destroying hundreds of homes and affected thousands of people.
Victoria, British Columbia Canada smashed their daily record high temperature with 91.2°, exceeding the previous record of 84.9°. Meanwhile on central Vancouver Island, Port Alberni soared to 102.7°.
Iran recorded its hottest temperature in their history when the mercury hit 127.4° at Dehloran. The previous record was set just one day earlier at Omidieh and Shoshtar, when the mercury hit 126.6°.
A tornado touched down in the mountains near Aurora, CO. At an elevation of 11,900 feet, it is the second highest tornado ever recorded in the U.S. A tornado also hit Colorado’s Mount Evans above the tree-line.
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