Listed are Meteorological events that happened on July 25th:
In the desert southwest, the average high temperature at Yuma, AZ in July reaches to nearly 108° and Death Valley California's average high temperature in July is an unbearable 116°. How do these average July high temperatures stack up to a couple of other warm locations around the world? Cairo Egypt's average high temperature in July is just 91° and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia averages about 109°. Also, Cairo Egypt averages a paltry 1.1 inches of rain per year.
The Jamestown expedition nearly came to an untimely end as the fleet of ships encountered a tropical storm while sailing northwest through the Bahamas. One of the nine ships sunk and the rest of the fleet scattered as far north as Bermuda.
The mercury hit 109° at Los Angeles, CA marking the peak of a torrid heat wave. This city also saw readings of 103° on the 24th and 100° on the 25th.
Japan's hottest temperature on record occurred as the city of Yamagata hit 105°.
Lincoln, NE set an all-time record high temperature with 115°. The overnight low only dropped to 91°. Omaha, NE set their all-time record high of 114°.
The State of Alabama was in the midst of a critical heat wave and drought. During an 8-day stretch, the "coolest" high temperature in Birmingham was 99°. The heat peaked on this date at 106°. This was just one degree short of the highest temperature ever recorded at Birmingham. During that heat wave and drought, some wells in Alabama went dry for the very first time.
The Andrea Doria sank in dense fog near Nantucket Lightship, MA. The ship was rammed by the Swedish-American liner, Stockholm, 45 miles off the coast of Massachusetts. 52 people were killed.
Tropical Storm Claudette produced phenomenal rainfall totals in southeast Texas. 43 inches fell in 24 hours around Alvin; setting a U.S. record. Freeport reported a total of 30 inches. Total damage from flooding was over $400 million dollars.
Severe thunderstorms moved from Corson County in north central South Dakota to Tripp County in the south central part of the state. The hardest hit area was the state capital of Pierre. Winds gusting to 83 mph demolished 13 planes and several hangers at the Pierre airport. In town, a home and three businesses lost their roofs and a trailer was destroyed. The thunderstorm also produced very heavy rains as 4 inches of rain fell in 30 minutes flooding streets across town. Winds in excess of 70 mph caused crop and property damage in many areas across central South Dakota.
Tremendous hailstones pounded parts of South Dakota damaging crops, buildings and vehicles. Hail piled two feet deep at Black Hawk and northern Rapid City. Hail an inch and a quarter in diameter fell for 85 minutes near Miller and Huron, piling up to depths of two feet. The thunderstorms produced up to 10 inches of rain north of Huron. The 4.98 inches that Huron received was highest 24-hour amount ever recorded in the month of July. 60 mph winds also battered the city causing damage to several buildings.
Many cities in the eastern U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. Beckley, WV equaled their all-time record high of 91°, established just the previous day. It marked their 4th day in a row of 90° heat, after hitting 90° just twice in the previous 25 years of records.
The water temperature of Lake Erie at Buffalo, NY reached 79°, the warmest reading in 52 years of records breaking the previous record of 78 set on 8/12, 13 & 14/1949.
Thunderstorms produced severe weather from central Kansas to western Kentucky and southern Illinois during the day. Thunderstorms produced tennis ball size hail at Union, MO, and winds gusts to 65 mph at Sedalia, MO.
Several cities in Washington and Oregon reported record high temperatures for the date. Medford, OR hit 107°.
A winter storm with a central pressure of 28.35 inHg brought heavy rains to Tasmania, Australia. The Branxholm dam threatened to collapse. Coastal areas were flooded by high tides and storm surge.
Early afternoon thunderstorms over west central Missouri drenched the town of Ferguson with 4 inches of rain. Early evening thunderstorms in Pennsylvania produced more than 2 inches of rain north of Avella in one hour.
Intense, slow-moving thunderstorms, dumped up to 11 inches of rain in just 6 hours at Lawton, OK. The flash flooding closed many roads, and 50 to 60 motorists had to be rescued when they became stranded in the high water.
Grapefruit sized hail knocked windshields out of several cars about 9.5 miles northeast of Scott City, KS.
Lake Kampeska, near Watertown, SD reached near record level at 37 inches over full mark due to runoff from heavy rains in previous days. Dozens of homes and two businesses were flooded out. About 100,000 sandbags were distributed to help prevent more flood damage to lakeside property owners.
Hurricane Gilma, like Emilia a week earlier, reached Category 5 strength in the Eastern Pacific Basin. Amazing considering up to that time, only four other category 5 storms were observed dating back to 1949.
Thunderous rains unleashed dangerous flash flooding from northeast Kansas through central Missouri during the overnight hours. Kansas City was especially hard hit with the suburb of Independence reporting 6.5 inches of rain, most of it falling in a matter of a few hours. Thunderstorms produced 2 to 3 inches of rain over parts of Banner and Cheyenne counties of the Nebraska panhandle, with local amounts around 4.5 inches. This produced flash flooding which closed some county roads, and put 6 to 18 inches of water on some streets in Sidney, NE.
An F4 tornado at Granite Falls, MN caused one fatality and $20 million dollars in damage.
Lightning struck a home during an overnight thunderstorm southwest of Oslo, Norway. The charge moved into the bedroom and through an iron bed, as a Norwegian couple was sleeping on it. The couple was unharmed, but the lightning strike burned out all of the electric sockets.
It was an unseasonably cool summer day across Oklahoma and western north Texas, as temperatures averaged 15 to 20 degrees below average. Record low maximum temperatures were set at Oklahoma City, OK and Wichita Falls, TX as temperatures only warmed up to 75° and 73° respectively.
Residents of Sand Point, AK population: 908 looked across Popof Strait to nearby Unga Island and saw a very rare tornado touch its uninhabited mountains. Sand Point is on Popof Island, one of a dozen or so Shumagin Islands at the start of the Aleutian Chain, 570 miles southwest of Anchorage near the tip of the Alaska Peninsula.
It was the hottest day during the current heat wave in central California. Some record highs included: Delano: 116°, Three Rivers: 116°, Wasco: 114°, China Lake Naval Air Station: 113°, Fresno: 113°, Bakersfield: 112°, Inyokern: 112°, Friant Dam: 112°, Bass Lake: 107°, Yosemite Valley: 104° and Giant Forest: 84°.
On the southern tip of James Bay in Ontario Canada, the town of Moosonee had an afternoon temperature of 95°.
At Argos, Lamia, Serres and Eleusis, near Athens, Greece the temperature soared to 113°.
St. Louis, MO hit 108° marking the 11th consecutive day on which the temperature there hit 105° or higher. The low temperature the following morning fell to just 86°, tying for their warmest minimum temperature ever recorded.
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