Meteorological events that happened on January 9th:
The temperature at Cheyenne, WY dipped to an all-time record low of -38°. Other locations that reported daily record lows included: Duluth, MN: -38°, La Crosse, WI: -31°, Minneapolis, MN: -30°, North Platte, NE: -25°, Madison, WI: -25°, Milwaukee, WI: -25°, Moline, IL: -22°, Chicago, IL: -20°, Omaha, NE: -19°, Indianapolis, IN: -18°, St. Louis, MO: -16°, Dodge City, KS: -14°, Lansing, MI: -13°, Cleveland, OH: -13°, Toledo, OH: -12°, Detroit, MI: -12°, Louisville, KY: -10°, Erie, PA:-10°, Pittsburgh, PA: -10°, Lexington, KY: -8°, Rochester, NY: -6°, Cincinnati, OH: -6°, Buffalo, NY: -5°, Memphis, TN: 2°, Philadelphia, PA: 3°, New York (Central Park), NY: 4° and Washington, D.C.: 5°.
The second intense low pressure system in three days struck the Pacific Northwest with little warning, producing widespread wind damage. Barometer readings fell to 28.48 inHg at Olympia, WA and 28.51 InHg at Portland, OR. The roof of the Oregon capital was partially blown off. Railroads were blocked by heavy snows and fallen trees for days.
Severe cold gripped much of the western U.S. The Columbia River at Portland, OR was frozen for two weeks, and in southern California temperatures dipped below freezing in some of the citrus growing areas, killing the crop across the inland valleys.
Locations that reported record low temperatures included: Helena, MT: -31°, Rochester, MN: -26°, Winnemucca, NV: -23°, Boise, ID: -19°, Spokane, WA: -6°, Salt Lake City, UT: -4°, Eureka, CA: 27° and San Diego, CA: 36°-Tied.
The temperature at Norway House, Manitoba Canada plummeted to -63° for their coldest day ever recorded in Manitoba.
Many locations across the West reported record high temperatures for the date including: Palm Springs, CA: 92°, Downtown Los Angeles, CA: 88°, Escondido, CA: 91°, San Diego, CA: 85°, Phoenix, AZ: 84°, Santa Maria, CA: 81°, Tucson, AZ: 80°, Yuma, AZ: 79°, Boise, ID: 59° and Elko, NV: 53°.
Pink snow fell in Durango, CO as dust from the Painted Desert mixed with a snowstorm.
A few locations from Texas to the Southwest reported record warmth. Idyllwild, CA soared to 82°, their highest temperature on record for January. Other locations that reported daily record highs included: Yuma, AZ: 83°, Tucson, AZ: 81°, Houston, TX: 80°, Midland-Odessa, TX: 79°, Flagstaff, AZ: 61° and Ely, NV: 58°.
The most significant snowstorm to hit lower elevations of southern California started on this day and ended on the 11th. 14 inches fell in Woodland Hills, 8 inches in La Cañada and Catalina Island, at 2,100 feet, 6 inches at Altadena, 5 inches at Burbank, 4 inches at Pasadena, one inch at Laguna Beach and Long Beach. A trace fell at San Diego, the only time since 1882. Three feet piled up at Mt. Laguna, 18 inches fell at Cuyamaca, and one foot at Julian, CA. 4 to 8 inches fell as low as 1,000 feet. A light covering was reported at La Jolla, Point Loma, Miramar, Escondido, Spring Valley, and other outlying San Diego areas. The snow snarled all transportation and caused power outages and emergencies. A plane crash killed five people and injured one near Julian. A camping group was stranded at Cuyamaca.
Many locations from the Rockies to the West Coast reported record low temperatures for the date including: Billings, MT: -15°, Reno, NV: -7°, Yakima, WA: -3°, Medford, OR: 10°, Olympia, WA: 10°, Seattle, WA: 13°, Eugene, OR: 14°, Portland, OR: 16°, Fresno, CA: 23°, Santa Maria, CA: 26° and Los Angeles (LAX), CA: 35°.
Out ahead of the winter storm, an unusually strong ridge of high pressure extending from the Gulf of Mexico to off the southeast coast brought record high temperatures for the date from the south to the Great Lakes including: Austin (Bergstrom), TX: 82°, Waco, TX: 81°, Shreveport, LA: 80°, Macon, GA: 79°, Meridian, MS: 79°, Dallas, TX: 79°, Columbia, SC: 78°, Augusta, GA: 78°-Tied, Dallas (DFW), TX: 78°-Tied, Birmingham, AL: 77°, Mobile, AL: 77°-Tied, Savannah, GA: 77°-Tied, Little Rock, AR: 75°, Greenville-Spartanburg, SC: 74°, Memphis, TN: 74°, Atlanta, GA: 72°, Nashville, TN: 71°, Charlotte, NC: 71°-Tied, Louisville, KY: 67°-Tied, Bristol, TN: 64°, Cincinnati, OH: 64°-Tied, Columbus, OH: 62°, Fort Wayne, IN: 55° and Detroit, MI: 55°-Tied.
A series of three major winter storms pounded much of Oregon with little break. The snows were the heaviest in Oregon history. Huge snow drifts closed the Columbia Gorge and most highways west of the Cascades.
A tornado destroyed five homes and damaged 53 others from Lithia to Hopewell, FL injuring 12 people. Other tornadoes were reported in Clermont, Minneola, and Brooksville, FL. Severe thunderstorm winds downed trees and power lines and caused roof damage in Ft. Myers and Sarasota. High waves washed over the beach road on south Captiva Island.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in Greenland of -87° was reported at Northice.
Several tornadoes touched down in central Mississippi. F1 tornadoes injured 1 person in Clarke County and F2 tornadoes swept through Jefferson Davis and Simpson Counties. F3 tornadoes struck Jones, Jasper, and Wayne Counties, injuring a total of 13 people.
Snow squalls dumped 68 inches of snow on the town of Adams, NY. The 54 inches that fell in 24-hours is still the state record.
Surface arctic high pressure combined with a deep upper level trough brought extreme cold from the West Coast to the Great Lakes. St. Cloud, MN recorded their coldest temperature ever with a reading of -43°. Between the 3rd and the 19th, the low temperatures there dropped to -15° or lower on 14 of the 17 days.
Locations that reported daily record low temperatures included: Bismarck, ND: -41°, International Falls, MN: -40°, Sisseton, SD: -33°, Wheaton, SD: -33°, Minneapolis, MN: -32°, Aberdeen, SD: -31°, Ste. St. Marie, MI: -30°, Watertown, SD: -29°, Rochester, MN: -30°, Waterloo, IA: -27°, Green Bay, WI: -27° (broke previous record by 10 degrees), Pierre, SD: -22°, Alpena, MI: -19°, Houghton Lake, MI: -19°, Lansing, MI: -17°, Dubuque, IA: -16°, Rapid City, SD: -16°, Grand Rapids, MI: -14°, Ely, NV: -14°, Burns, OR: -11°, Kansas City, MO: -10°, Muskegon, MI: -8°, Springfield, MO: -5°, Oklahoma City, OH: -2°, Amarillo, TX: -1°, Tulsa, OK: 0°-Tied, Wichita Falls, TX: 4°, Dallas (DFW), TX: 12°, Dallas, TX: 13°, Shreveport, LA: 14°-Tied, Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX: 20° and Sacramento, CA: 28°.
A winter storm spread heavy snow from the Central Plains into the Great Lakes Region. Heavier totals included 11 inches at Terre Haute, IN, up to 10 inches in the southern suburbs of Chicago, IL and west-central Indiana, 9 inches at Sun City, KS and 7 inches at Columbia, MO.
A storm in the northeastern U.S. produced 14 inches at Worcester, MA and 10 inches of snow at Boston, MA.
A winter storm in the northwestern U.S. produced a foot of snow in just 3 hours at McCall, ID.
A few locations across the northern Plains reported record low temperatures for the date including: Valentine, NE: -30°, Kennebec, SD: -28°, Scottsbluff, NE: -22° and Rapid City, SD: -20°. In Florida, Miami tied a record high with 83°.
Strong Chinook winds prevailed along the eastern slopes of the Rockies in Colorado. Major structural damage resulted including the top 80 feet of a 180 foot transmission tower blown off causing a radio station to be knocked off the air for 2.5 hours. Winds gusted to 115 mph at Boulder, 113 mph at the Air Force Academy near Colorado Springs, 103 mph at Table Mesa in south Boulder and up to 80 mph at Broomfield..
Big Bear Lake, CA reported a record low of 2° and Gainesville, FL reported a record high of 83°.
A third storm in four days hit the Pacific Northwest. Winds in Oregon gusted above 100 mph at Netarts and Oceanside. Up to 8.16 inches of rain was reported around Seaside, OR, and the total of 4.53 inches of rain at Astoria, OR was a record for the date.
Many cities in the western U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. The high of 70° at Cedar City, UT was a record for January. Other daily record highs for the date including: Riverside, CA: 86°, Victorville, CA: 74°, Reno, NV: 68°, Bishop, CA: 67°, Pendleton, OR: 67°, Winnemucca, NV: 66°, Big Bear Lake, CA: 64°, Elko, NV: 64°, Ely, NV: 63°, Eugene, OR: 63°, Portland, OR: 61°, Salem, OR: 61°, Burns, OR: 57°, Pocatello, ID: 55° and Spokane, WA: 52°-Tied.
An unbelievable 14 consecutive days of cloudy skies finally came to an end at Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN. Every single weather observation during this time period showed overcast conditions or 350 consecutive hours of overcast skies. There was not even a mostly cloudy, all observations were completely overcast. Even though the clouds were abundant, the temperatures were relatively mild, with readings running 19° above normal.
Significant amounts of light, fluffy snow piled up across southwest South Dakota beginning the previous day ending on this date. Amounts were generally from 4 to 13 inches. Very icy roads, blowing snow, and severe cold contributed to more than 75 accidents in Rapid City alone where one foot of snow fell. Snowfall amounts included: 14 inches at Keystone, 13.3 inches at Custer, and 12 inches at Rapid City.
Further to the south, Topeka, KS reported 17.2 inches of snow in just 24 hours.
Sub-freezing temperatures severely damaged vegetable crops with losses estimated over $2 million dollars in Hillsborough and Lee counties; with minor damage to the citrus crop in Pasco County, Florida. Several tropical fish farms lost over 50% of their harvest with the estimated loss at $5.5 million dollars. Locations across Florida and the East that reported record low temperatures for the date included: Elkins, WV: -8°, Islip, NY: 14°-Tied, Inverness, FL: 18°, Weekiwachee, FL: 24°, Avon Park, FL: 25°, Lakeland, FL: 26°, Mountain Lake, FL: 26°-Tied, Parrish, FL: 28°, Sarasota-Bradenton, FL: 28°, Tarpon Springs, FL: 28°-Tied, Venice, FL: 30°-Tied and Punta Gorda, FL: 31°.
A powerful Alberta Clipper and a deep Arctic High brought widespread and prolonged blizzard conditions, heavy drifting snow, and dangerous wind chills of -40° to -80° from the Missouri Valley to the upper Midwest. Across South Dakota, north winds were from 30 to 50 mph gusting to 60 mph. The clipper dropped from 2 to 7 inches of snowfall on top of an already solid 2 to 5 foot snowpack. As with previous storms, most roads again became blocked by huge snowdrifts stranding hundreds of motorists. Some people were trapped in their homes up to several days as snowdrifts buried their homes and blocked the roads with some people having to crawl out their windows. In Wilmot, SD a 12 foot drift covered the community home, where residents had to turn the lights on during the day. As a result of snow removal budget depletions and other storm damages, President Clinton declared all of South Dakota a disaster area. Snowplows from Iowa, Nebraska, and plows and manpower from the South Dakota National Guard helped to break through hundreds of roads. The snowdrifts in some places were packed so hard and were measured at 300 pounds per square inch. The total damage estimate for this January blizzard and for the previous January winter storm was $50 million dollars.
A winter storm affected much of central, east and northeast Missouri on the 8th and 9th. Snowfall amounts ranged from 3 to 8 inches across Missouri, with 5 to 7 inches falling from Columbia east across the St. Louis area. Besides the snow, strong winds and very cold temperatures moved in during the evening hours.
Across Illinois, the winter storm dumped several inches of snow along with areas of blowing snow. Snowfall totals on this date included 5.4 inches at Springfield, 5.2 inches at Peoria, 4.6 inches at Champaign and 3.5 inches at Rockford. The heaviest snowfall of 11 inches was reported at Charleston, in Coles County.
Comair Flight 3272 crashed into a field near Ida, OH during the same major snowstorm. All 29 people aboard died. The cause of the crash was ice build-up on the wings of the EMB-120 aircraft.
One of the worst ice storms in U.S. history was coming to a close across upstate New York and northern New England. A 1 to 3-inch coating of ice left as many as 500,000 people without power and made road travel nearly impossible. In Maine, 80% of the residents were without power.
Further south, many locations from Virginia to New York reported record high temperatures for the date including: Newark, NJ: 67°, Wallops Island, VA: 65°, Allentown, PA: 65°-Tied, Harrisburg, PA: 64°, Avoca, PA: 62°, Sterling (Dulles Airport), VA: 62°, Williamsport, PA: 61°, New York (LaGuardia), NY: 59°-Tied, Binghamton, NY: 56° and Islip, NY: 55°.
National Airport outside of Washington, D.C. reached 63°, the 8th straight day of above 60°. Their normal high temperature is 43°.
It did not snow on this date in Houghton, MI snapping a record streak of 53 consecutive days with snow in the city.
A huge snowstorm paralyzed Vladivostok, Russia dumping 16 to 20 inches of snow on the Pacific port city.
In eastern Russia, the temperature in Moscow dipped to -31°.
On this date through the 12th, the temperature at Ankara, Turkey fell to 9° ushering in a period of cold, snowy weather across the country claiming 10 lives. Heavy snowfall cut off nearly 2,000 villages.
With cold air sweeping in from the Himalayas, New Delhi, India reported frost for the first time in 70 years with a low temperature of 32.3°.
Check out my colleague Weather Examiners:
Baltimore, MD area weather with Tony Pann at http://www.examiner.com/x-11224-Baltimore-Weather-Examiner
Washington, D.C. area weather with Scott Sumner at http://www.examiner.com/x-3274-DC-Weather-Examiner
Orlando, FL area weather with Dr. Steve Oliver at http://www.examiner.com/x-23601-Orlando-Weather-Examiner
Houston, TX area weather & the weekly Weather America Newsletter with Larry Cosgrove at www.examiner.com/x-3775-Houston-Weather-Examiner
NOAA Headlines Examiner with Dr. Steve Oliver and IPR at http://www.examiner.com/x-40324-NOAA-Headlines-Examiner