Meteorological events that happened on August 29th:
The ship “Delight” was wrecked on the Sable Island, Nova Scotia Canada during blinding rain and thick fog. This was Canada's first recorded marine disaster, which took 85 lives.
Any remaining hopes of harvesting a corn crop were dashed by heavy frosts in northern New England. This was the second time this summer with heavy frosts.
A torrential downpour inundated St John's, Newfoundland Canada with 6.8 inches of rain, the greatest single daily accumulation ever recorded in the province.
A very destructive hurricane devastated the Georgia/South Carolina coast on the 27th. A tremendous wave submerged the offshore islands near Charleston and Savannah, killing between 1,000 and 2,500 people. The storm recurved to the northeast, passing through eastern Pennsylvania, still maintaining hurricane strength. Norfolk, VA, and New York City both measured a gust to 60 mph. The storm decreased to tropical storm status in Maine.
To the west, Buffalo, NY received 4.22 inches of rain. A large number of cellars were flooded, sidewalks were raised and carried for blocks, the street cars were unable to run and in some instances the sewers were unable to carry off the water. Estimated damages were about $5,000 dollars.
In Rickmansworth England, the temperature rose within 9 hours from an overnight low of 34° to an afternoon high of 84.9°, a jump of 50.9°.
Hurricane Donna, the only storm on record to strike Florida, the Mid-Atlantic States and New England, was born in the far eastern Atlantic.
Hackberry, LA was deluged with 22 inches of rain in 24 hours, establishing a state record.
A cold outbreak in New England brought 2.5 inches of snow to the top of Mount Washington, NH. Many stations recorded the earliest freeze on record. Temperatures were in the mid to upper 20s as far south as Connecticut and the temperature on Nantucket Island dipped to 39°. Chilly weather extended from the Midwest to the Gulf Coast to the Mid-Atlantic.
Record August lows included: Necedah, WI: 28°, Fort Wayne, IN: 38°, South Bend, IN: 40°.
Other record lows included: Elkins, WV: 34°, Madison, WI: 35°, Beckley, WV: 36°, Duluth, MN: 37°, Toledo, OH: 37°, Green Bay, WI: 38°, Columbus, OH: 39°, Flint, MI: 40°, Mansfield, OH: 40°, Pittsburgh, PA: 40°, Albany, NY: 40°, Binghamton, NY: 40°, Rochester, NY: 40°, La Crosse, WI: 40°-Tied, Indianapolis, IN: 41°, Cleveland, OH: 41°, Youngstown, OH: 41°, Lexington, KY: 42°, Grand Rapids, MI: 42°, Akron, OH: 42°, Dayton, OH: 42°, Williamsport, PA: 42°, Cincinnati, OH: 43°, Huntington, WV: 43°, Syracuse, NY: 43°, Chicago, IL: 43°-Tied, Peoria, IL: 44°, Milwaukee, WI: 44°, Avoca, PA: 44°, Springfield, IL: 45°, Milton, MA: 45°-Tied, Wilmington, DE: 46°, Atlantic City, NJ: 46°, Allentown, PA: 46°, Philadelphia, PA: 46°, St. Louis, MO: 47°, Evansville, IN: 47°, Roanoke, VA: 47°, Bristol, TN: 49°, Louisville, KY: 49°, Paducah, KY: 49°, Lynchburg, VA: 49°, Raleigh-Durham, NC: 50°, Baltimore, MD: 50°, Newark, NJ: 50°, New York (Central Park), NY: 50°, New York (Kennedy Airport), NY: 51°, Bridgeport, CT: 51°, Richmond, VA: 52°, Greensboro, NC: 52°-Tied, Oak Ridge, TN: 53°, New York (LaGuardia), NY: 53°, Norfolk, VA: 54°, Cape Hatteras, NC: 62° and New Orleans, LA: 67°.
Hurricane Carmen was born east of the Lesser Antilles.
The remnants of Tropical Storm Debra spawned a tornado in southern Memphis, TN. The twister was two miles long and 75-100 yards wide, left 26 injured and did $4.6 million damage. No thunder or lightning was observed. The tornado came within one mile of Elvis Presley's Graceland.
The strong winds of powerful Hurricane David leveled the island of Dominica in the Lesser Antilles, resulting in 56 deaths and leaving 60,000 of the islands 80,000 inhabitants homeless.
Hurricane Frederic was born in the Atlantic.
2.23 inches of rain fell in less than one hour at Houston, TX causing flooding in the downtown area.
Canadian high pressure settled across the Mid-Atlantic brought record lows from the Great Lakes to the East Coast. The morning low of 39° at Pittsburgh, PA was their coldest reading ever in August. Cool air from Canada continues pouring in, Houghton Lake, MI: 29°, Ste. St. Marie, MI: 29°, Alpena, MI: 30°, Youngstown, OH: 32°, Toledo, OH: 34°, Albany, NY: 34°, Marquette, MI: 36°, Caribou, ME: 36°, Flint, MI: 37°, Erie, PA: 37°, Muskegon, MI: 38°, Detroit, MI: 38°, Cleveland, OH: 38°, Sterling (Dulles Airport), VA: 38°, Avoca, PA: 38°, Binghamton, NY: 38°, Buffalo, NY: 38°, Rochester, NY: 38°, Pittsburgh, PA: 39°, Williamsport, PA: 39°, Hartford, CT: 39°, Grand Rapids, MI: 41°, Akron, OH: 41°, Atlantic City, NJ: 41°, Milton, MA: 41°, Wilmington, DE: 43°, Allentown, PA: 43°, Chicago, IL: 43°-Tied, Milwaukee, WI: 44°, Bridgeport, CT: 44°, Newark, NJ: 45°, Harrisburg, PA: 46°, Providence, RI: 46°, Philadelphia, PA: 46°-Tied, Baltimore, MD: 49°, Richmond, VA: 50°, New York (Central Park), NY: 50°-Tied, Norfolk, VA: 51°, Wallops Island, VA: 51°, New York (LaGuardia), NY: 51° and New York (Kennedy Airport), NY: 51°-Tied.
A devastating hail storm struck portions of central South Dakota. In a small portion of Faulk county hail pounded the area for two straight hours. At times, the hail was the size of baseballs. Of course, this amazing hail storm devastated crops in the area and took out windows in area buildings. In one home, the windows were shattered, the curtains shredded, and much of the upper floor was ruined by glass shards and water. On some houses paint was literally peeled off by the continual pounding of the hail.
Spencer in Clay County of northwest Iowa was the target of a severe thunderstorm. Winds of 70 mph whipped through town downing trees, power lines and breaking windows. One tree smashed a camping trailer when it fell due to strong winds.
The high temperature in Topeka, KS reached 110° for only the second time since the Dust Bowl days of the 1930's.
The highest temperature on record at Columbia, MO for the month of August: 110° was recorded.
Canadian high pressure across the Ohio Valley brought record chill from the Ohio Valley to the East Coast and Southeast.
Record lows included: Concord, NH: 32°, Caribou, ME: 35°, Beckley, WV: 36°-Tied, Goshen, IN: 37°, Dayton, OH: 41°, Atlantic City, NJ: 41°-Tied, Burlington, VT: 41°-Tied, Asheville, NC: 42°, Roanoke, VA: 42°, Syracuse, NY: 42°, Columbia, MO: 43°, Bristol, TN: 43°, Peoria, IL: 43°, Springfield, IL: 43°, Evansville, IN: 43°, Dubuque, IA: 43°-Tied, Cincinnati, OH: 43°-Tied, Huntington, WV: 43°-Tied, Paducah, KY: 44°, Philadelphia, PA: 44°, Providence, RI: 44°, Jackson, KY: 45°, Lexington, KY: 45°, Louisville, KY: 46°, Islip, NY: 46°, Springfield, MO: 47°, Greensboro, NC: 47°, Lynchburg, VA: 47°, Richmond, VA: 47°, Baltimore, MD: 47°, St. Louis, MO: 47°-Tied, Boston, MA: 47°-Tied, Wallops Island, VA: 48°, Nashville, TN: 49°, Washington, D.C.: 49°, Raleigh-Durham, NC: 49°, New York (Central Park), NY: 50°-Tied, Fort Smith, AR: 51°, Tupelo, MS: 52°, Little Rock, AR: 52°-Tied, Knoxville, TN: 53°, Memphis, TN: 53°, Charlotte, NC: 54°, Meridian, MS: 55°, Shreveport, LA: 56°, Savannah, GA: 57°, Charleston, SC: 57°, Lake Charles, LA: 61°, Tallahassee, FL: 61°-Tied and Mobile, AL: 64°.
Some of the most powerful thunderstorms in several years developed over the piedmont of North Carolina, and marched across central sections of the state during the late afternoon and evening hours. Baseball size hail was reported around Albemarle, while thunderstorm winds downed giant trees around High Falls.
Cool air invaded the north central U.S. Several cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Bismarck ND with a reading of 33°. Deerfield, a small town in the Black Hills of South Dakota, reported a low of 23°.
Tropical storm Chris moved into South Carolina then recurved through southeastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey as a depression. The remnants of Tropical Storm Chris drenched eastern Pennsylvania with up to 5.5 inches of rain, and produced high winds gusting to 90 mph, severely damaging 100 boats in Anne Arundel County, Maryland.
Evening thunderstorms produced destructive lightning in West Virginia. The lightning caused widespread damage, particularly in Doddridge County. Numerous trees were downed closing many roads. Fire companies had a difficult time tending to the many homes and trailers on fire.
Anchorage, AK reported a record 9.60 inches of rain for the month of August. The average annual precipitation for Anchorage is just slightly more than 15 inches.
Maryville, MO reported 8.20 inches of rain during a 3-day rain event.
Williamsport, PA established their record for most 90 degree plus days in one year as the event occurred for the 38th time.
Severe thunderstorms struck parts of southwest and central Oklahoma late in the evening. Most of the damage was from winds. Rush Springs experienced winds stronger than 80 mph, and a bus barn and several mobile homes were destroyed in the area. Just south of nearby Cement, the wind blew over an oil drilling rig. The storms also produced golf ball sized hail northeast of Durham.
In Kansas, thunderstorm wind gusts of 65 mph, combined with golf ball-size hail, blew out the windows of a few houses 3 miles west of Dodge City. The large hail also killed a bunch of sparrows nesting in surrounding trees. At Garden City, lightning struck service transformers, electric lines, and buildings causing power outages and several structural fires. Lightning also caused one house fire that resulted in $20,000 damage. Flooding occurred along Highway 281 near the Kansas/Oklahoma border due to heavy rainfall. Water was up to the tail lights of some cars and the highway patrol had to stop traffic.
The 1995 North Atlantic Hurricane Season was one of the busiest on record. The National Hurricane Center had their hands full on this date, as they tracked dissipating Tropical Storm Jerry, a strong tropical wave and four named storms: Hurricane Humberto, Hurricane Iris, Tropical Storm Karen and Tropical Storm Luis.
A severe thunderstorm produced 1.75 inch diameter hail and very heavy rain over parts of Cheyenne on this day in 1996, flooding some basements on the north side of town and causing about 2.4 million in damage. Further east, Sidney, NE was flooded with up to 5 inches of rain.
Strong thunderstorms developed each day starting on this day and ending on 8/31 in parts of southern California. 1.5 inches of rain fell at Apple Valley, 0.77 inched fell in only 45 minutes at Wrightwood, and 0.68 inches fell in only 30 minutes at Forest Falls. Homes and roads were flooded with four to six feet of water in Hesperia and Apple Valley. Rock slides occurred in Mill Creek. Roads were flooded in Sugarloaf and Forest Falls. Flash flooding was also recorded in Hemet. Severe thunderstorm wind gusts of 86 mph hit Sage, south of Hemet. Gusts of 50 mph were recorded at Rialto and gusts of
45 mph hit San Marcos. Trees and power lines were downed.
Record heat occurred near the coast as well on these same days. Temperatures hit 114° at Dulzura, 112° at Yorba Linda and the Wild Animal Park, 110° at El Cajon, Hemet and Riverside, 108° at Ramona, 106° at Vista and Escondido, and over 100° in most of Orange County.
Parts of the Outer Banks of North Carolina were being evacuated as large Category 2 Hurricane Dennis continued to move towards the coast with top winds of 105 mph. The National Hurricane Center cautiously waited for the hurricane to make a much-anticipated turn to the east that would carry it out to sea and away from land.
The mercury reached 105° at Mobile, AL, setting an all-time record high. The record high also established a new mark for most 100 degree days in a summer with 8.
Heavy rainfall totaling nearly 2.00 inches of rain soaked the northwest part of Las Vegas, NV. Several swift water rescues were preformed after people ignored warning signs. No injuries were reported, but at least 40 motorists became stranded.
Strong thunderstorms dropped 4.7 inches of rain on Kerkyra, Corfu Greece in six hours, nearly seven times the average August rainfall.
Hurricane Katrina, one of the strongest storms to impact the coast of the United States during the last 100 years, blasted coastal Louisiana with winds gusting over 100 mph. The hurricane caused major levee breaks that flood 80% of New Orleans up to 20 feet deep.
Coastal Mississippi bore the brunt of Hurricane Katrina's force. Powerful winds and a devastating storm surge of 20-30+ feet raked the coastline, spreading floodwaters several miles inland. Along the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines, thousands of homes and buildings were damaged or destroyed and more than 2.3 million people lost power. The accepted death toll has reached more than 1,300 based on bodies found, but the real death toll is clearly higher.
Hurricane Katrina's minimum central pressure was observed at 902 millibars or 26.64 inHg, by reconnaissance aircraft, the 5th lowest pressure ever recorded in the Atlantic Basin. Katrina is also the third most-intense landfalling hurricane in U.S. history based on a minimum landfall pressure of 920 millibars or 27.17 inHg.
With its high temperature pegged at 113° Phoenix, AZ sets a new record of 29 days with 110°+ temperatures.
On this date through the 30th, a freakish late-winter heat wave developed over Argentina. Buenos Aires recorded highs of 93.2° and 92.3°, respectively; normal would be around 60°. Cordoba had a high of 99.1° the next day. Santa Fe reached 101.5° two days later. These would be hot days in midsummer, let alone late August which is late winter.
Parts of central Japan receive torrential rain that causes flooding and landslides that force nearly half a million people to evacuate. The city of Okazaki measured 5.7 inches of rain.
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