Listed are Meteorological events that happened on April 14:
"The Lighthouse Storm" of 1851 struck New England on this date. Heavy gales and high seas pounded the coasts of New Hampshire and eastern Massachusetts. The storm arrived at the time of a full moon and high tide producing unusually high storm tides. The storm was so named because it destroyed the lighthouse at Cohasset, MA. Two assistant lighthouse keepers were killed there when the structure was swept away by the storm tide.
A major coastal storm dumped rain, sleet and snow across the East. 24 inches of snow fell in parts of northwestern New Jersey. Many ships were lost, including a passenger ship that broke up, killing 340 people.
A famous Easter blizzard raged across Kansas, Nebraska and South Dakota. Gale force winds blew the wet snow into massive drifts. However there were few deaths due to the sparse population and the gradual increase of the storm. 80% of livestock died.
A massive tornado, 800 yards in width at times, carved a 20 to 25-mile path through Stearns and Benton Counties in Minnesota. 24 people were killed at St. Cloud, MN. 37 people were killed at Sauk Rapids, MN. The bottom of the Mississippi River was said to have been seen during the tornado's crossing. 11 people were killed at a wedding party near the town of Rice.
This was the second day of the month when temperatures did not climb above the freezing mark at Rockford, IL. The high temperature of 32° on the 13th and this date set a record for the lowest maximum temperature. April 1907 remains the coldest April on record.
On her maiden voyage, the RMS Titanic rammed into an iceberg just before midnight. The "unsinkable ship" sank two hours and forty minutes later into the icy water of the Atlantic Ocean near Newfoundland, Canada. Tragically, 1,517 passengers including the crew were lost. A nearby ship, the Carpathia, rushed to the Titanic and was able to save 706 people.
The greatest 24-hour snow accumulation in U.S. history occurred at Silver Lake, CO as 75.8 inches fell on April 14th through the 15th. This mark was broken in January 1997.
The Mississippi River reached a record height of 21.3 feet at New Orleans, LA, and the river was still rising, with the crest still a week away. Understandably, the City of New Orleans was nervous as reports of levees failing upriver reached the city. A crevasse below New Orleans would relieve the pressure on the city's strained levees on the 27th, sparing the city a major disaster.
35 inches of snow fell in Franklin, NH in 24-hours to set the state record.
The most notorious dust storm of the dust bowl era struck the Plains. Known as "The Black Blizzard," it was the first of many dust storms that would affect the nation's breadbasket. A cold front blew south which brought visibilities down to zero. There was total darkness in the middle of the day. Dust clouds would be clearly visible as far away as the shipping lanes of the North Atlantic Ocean. Politicians in Washington could not ignore the plight of the citizenry of the Plains, as huge, black clouds of dust hovered over the Nation's capitol. Gentle rains would return in the fall of 1938, putting an end to the Dust Bowl era.
Opening Day at Fenway Park in Boston, MA was postponed by 2 inches of snow.
Oklahoma City recorded 0.8 inches; their latest measurable snow.
Normally snow-free Victoria, British Columbia Canada received 3 inches of wet snow.
A surprise snowstorm struck parts of the upper Midwest. Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN picked up 13.6 inches.
The earliest triple digit temperature of the year occurred at Edwards Air Force Base, CA with 100°.
Strong winds rolled a 12,000 gallon fuel tank several miles at Tyron, NE as a big spring blizzard buffeted parts of the Dakotas and Nebraska.
One of the heaviest hailstones ever recorded: 2.25 pounds fell in the Gopalganj district of Bangladesh.
A storm system moving slowly northeastward across the Mid-Mississippi Valley produced severe thunderstorms which spawned 3 tornadoes around Ottumwa, IA, and produced up to 4 inches of rain in southeastern Nebraska, flooding rivers and streams.
A weather disturbance off the southern coast of California brought parts of southern California their first rain in six weeks. Rain-slickened roads resulted in numerous accidents, including a 10-car pile-up at Riverside.
Late afternoon thunderstorms in northern Florida soaked the town of Golden Gate with 4.37 inches of rain in about two hours, resulting in local flooding. An unofficial report of over 11 inches was reported east of Naples fell in just two hours and 15 minutes.
Thunderstorms developing along a cold front produced severe weather in southeastern Texas during the mid morning hours. Thunderstorms produced dime size hail at Galveston, and wind gusts to 59 mph at Port Arthur. Afternoon thunderstorms over southeast Louisiana spawned tornadoes south of Bogalusa and at Rio.
An intense tornado touched down in the Ozark Mountains of Stone County, AR near Allison. It devastated a popular fishing campground, killing five vacationers. All deaths were in recreational vehicles along the banks of the White River. Just six minutes later, another tornado touched down in neighboring Izard County, destroying 11 homes and killing two people in two separate homes near Sylamore. Seven people were killed and 30 injured in the Arkansas tornadoes.
In western Kansas 10 inches of snow was reported in the Scott Lake State Park area bringing down some trees. Six to eight inches was reported in Healy, Manning and Scott City.
On this date through the 15th, a spring storm dumped heavy snow over portions of the Colorado Rockies. Nearly two feet of snow fell in the foothills with 18 inches reported over the western and southern suburbs of Denver. The heavy snow alleviated drought conditions and associated high fire danger that prevailed during much of the winter season. Snowfall totals included: 22 inches at Coal Creek Canyon, 20 inches at Wondervu, 19 inches at Genesee, 17 inches near Evergreen, Nederland, Idaho Springs, and Tiny Town, 14 inches at Georgetown, 13 inches at Morrison, 10 inches at Sedalia, 9 inches in south Boulder, 8 inches at Highlands Ranch & Wheat Ridge and 7 inches at Littleton & Parker.
A severe thunderstorm lashed Sydney, Australia for 5 hours, pelting the eastern portions of Sydney with hail as large as 3.5 inches in diameter. Damage was estimated at $650 million dollars.
Severe thunderstorms dropped hail the size of eggs in the Guangdong Province in China causing damage to homes and crops. The storms caused one death and 24 injuries. In the city of Nanxiong, 4.7 inches of rain fall, producing severe flooding.
Thunderstorms produced torrential rains and flash flooding in northern Oman on the Arabian Peninsula leaving 14 people dead. In Nizwa, southwest of the capital city of Muscat, 2.6 inches of rain fell, more than double the normal April rainfall.
Severe thunderstorms and tornadoes struck northern Bangladesh, uprooting trees, flattening villages and killing at least 49 people. The worst-affected areas included Netrokona where nearly 2,000 people were injured.
A Good Friday snowstorm dumped 6.5 inches on Whitehorse in the Yukon Territory Canada. Most unusual was the water content of the snow. Snow in Whitehorse usually is light, dry, and fluffy, and 6.5 inches typically yields less than 0.24 inches of water. This snowfall has a water equivalent of 0.62 inches.
The ski resort on Mt Washington on Vancouver Island, British Columbia Canada had officially extended its season into the Easter weekend, thanks to a heavy snowfall this season. The total snowfall for the resort stood at 724 inches, breaking the record previously set in the 1998-99 season.
More than 90 tornadoes raged across Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Iowa. In Wichita, KS, a reported EF3 tornado caused damage at McConnell Air Force Base and the Spirit AeroSystems and Boeing plants and the airport.
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