Felines can and do suffer from crystals. Crystals in the urinary system of felines are associated with FLUTD, feline urinary tract disease. FLUTD is more widespread in males than females. This can be a painful, expensive and long-term sickness to treat, but there are alternatives,
The feline strains to urinate or may not be able to pass water at all. He/she uses the litter box recurrently, but lack of output is obvious from the presence of tiny litter clumps or no clumps whatsoever. When the condition is left untreated for too long, a cat's kidneys will befall damage. There is a danger of bladder rupture, and the cat will vomit and then be too weak to stand.
The most frequent category of crystals formed in cats is struvite crystals, made from ammonium, magnesium, and phosphate. Less frequent are calcium oxalate crystals. Struvite crystals are alkaline; calcium oxalate and are acidic.
Appropriate diagnosis must be carried out by a veterinarian. Blood work and urine analysis can establish what kind of crystals the feline suffers from. Other means of diagnosis may include biopsies and ultrasounds.
A catheter is inserted to clear the urinary tract, and fluids are administered. The disease can often be controlled by special prescription food, be it alkaline or acidic dependent on crystal nature. The second alternative is surgery--perineal urethrostomy--the cat's penis is to a degree amputated to fashion a wider opening.
Clean water, a clean litter box and prevention of obesity in a cat are all sure ways to help prevent FLUTD. The kitty should also have a twice-yearly checkup