Christians represent the world’s largest religion. A Christian is one who tries to follow the tenets of Christianity, a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in the Bible’s New Testament.
There are several fundamentals of the religion but only one seems to be basic to all followers of Christ. Christians believe that Jesus of Nazareth is a true son of God who left the right hand of his father, God, to come to earth to sacrifice himself for the sins of others. The shed blood of Jesus on the cross replace the Judaic need to sacrifice Lamb or birds for the atonement of sin. This is possible because the blood of Christ is untarnished by sin because he was born to the Virgin Mary.
Other fundamentals are not followed across denominational lines. The inerrant truth of the Bible is one such belief. Fundamentalists believe the Bible was transcribed by prophets through the guidance of the Holy Spirit. That belief is being challenged by some followers of Christ who contend the Bible has some literary license in parts.
Jesus Christ is part of the Holy Trinity along with the Holy Spirit and God Himself. Christ willingly took the form and body of man to provide himself as a living sacrifice for the salvation of mankind. He was crucified and rose again three days later and is seated at the right hand of his Father, God.
There are two main groups of Christians. Catholicism, which is the Roman Catholic Church, and Protestants, a collection of reformation church denominations.
Catholics believe that a single "prophet", the Pope, is the person closest to God on Earth and that God reveals thing to the Pope who is responsible to show Christians how to remain faithful. Protestants belief that God reveals Himself to individuals who are able to have a direct relationship through Jesus Christ. Whereas Catholics ask for forgiveness from a priest Protestants pray directly to the deity with prayers intercepted and interpreted by the Holy Spirit.
This is part of a series on the cultures of religions excerpted from getmaximpact.com of Rochester Hills, Mich. It looks at Christian, Muslim, Hinduism, Buddhism, atheism, Sikhism, and Judaism. To view more religions, click here. It is used by their permission.
©2014 Max Impact, used with permission.
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