On Monday, the head of the Ukrainian government was always busy in the aftermath of an event on a scale not witnessed this country of 46 million people since 2004. And opposed to the policies of President Viktor Yanukovych demonstrators seemed determined to keep the pad on the Independence Square, the center of the Orange Revolution there nine years.
Because of this discontent: the decision power, November 21, to reject an association agreement with the European Union to "revive its economic relations with Russia." "The Ukrainian leaders have not stopped talking about the European integration of Ukraine, it was even a campaign promises Yanukovych," says Alexandra Goujon, lecturer at the University of Burgundy and specialist Ukraine, shared between West nationalist facing Europe, and the Russian-speaking east facing Moscow .
"It is a matter of foreign policy, but that means tangible changes for Ukrainians: better living conditions, economic and social development ...". So when the power was turned around, Ukrainians lived as a snub refusal to hold an election promise. But if the starting point of the challenge is the non - signing of the agreement with the EU, "other protesters, who have politicized face different domestic political problems, were grafted," says Alexandra Goujon.
Indeed, Ukrainians consider the government botched by corruption, dominated by the arbitrary and overbearing, as evidenced by the violent repression of the first pro-European events, but also the conviction in 2011 of the opponent and former Prime Minister jailed Yulia Tymoshenko. Ukrainian protesters therefore now require the departure of president and early elections.
For its part, Viktor Yanukovych, elected with only 51% of the votes, a close result not allowing him to have a free hand to run-through the disappointment of voters after switching the power of the team elected to outcome of the Orange Revolution, is engaged in a real balancing act. "It justifies its decision by emphasizing that acts for the good of Ukraine, and, indeed, should not forget that Russia is putting tremendous pressure to avoid bringing Ukraine closer to Europe" recalls Alexandra Goujon, listing the threats of trade disruptions, demand immediate repayment of the Ukrainian energy debt and diplomatic pressure that Putin poses to the Ukrainian president.
How it Will he manage the internal discontent and demands of its Russian partner? For now, he seems determined to continue to play it both ways: a delegation should go to Brussels this week to discuss economic cooperation and Ukrainian President must sign this weekend in Moscow a "roadmap of cooperation" with his Russian counterpart.