Type 1 diabetes, called juvenile diabetes, is very common among children, but can occur at any age. It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little to no insulin. Each year over 12,000 children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and more are diagnosed every day. Children with type 1 diabetes need to monitor and manage their blood sugar levels daily.
Introduction to Diabetes Types 1
Diabetes Type 1 means that a person’s blood sugar levels are above normal. A person who has diabetes has high blood sugar and the pancreas will not produce enough insulin. Children who have juvenile diabetes is classified as an autoimmune disease, which a person’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to allow sugar to enter cells to produce energy. It happens when the body’s immune system invades and kills the cells that produce insulin, located in the pancreas. Children with type 1 diabetes need insulin to survive.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
A person can have juvenile diabetes without knowing it, because the symptoms can take a long time to develop.
Some symptoms juvenile diabetes includes:
- Drink a lot
- Urinate a lot
- Very tired
A blood test can determine if you have juvenile diabetes. If you do, you will need to see a doctor for diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
When a child has juvenile diabetes, the body produces insulin. In order to survive, insulin is crucial for children with type 1 diabetes. A person has to inject the proper amount of insulin needed per day to keep the insulin levels normal. A blood test can determine if you have type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes treatment is based on each individual’s needs which involve insulin, possible diet, and exercise.