To truly understand the concept of Trans Atlantic counter terrorism and its recent connection to international criminal justice system we must first understand that terrorism is a resort to or threat of violence for profit and by a group or individual we must also understand an organized form of crime such as terrorism is pursuit of political goals in opposition to established authority. The European Union and the United States have been tasked with address both individually and simultaneously yet neither the of the individual penal codes nor international law recognizes terrorism as a crime by itself. But the various forms terrorism may take, ranging from murder to assault, arson, and hostage taking, are crimes. The United States has developed its own original tactics in addressing terrorism. After 9/11 the country and the world realized that terrorist and international criminal organizations where no longer the mythical characters of Bruce Willis films i.e. Die Hard series, rather they are profitable, well organized and trained entities that are motivated both by financial profit and by political power. The methods of crime are various in categories they range from the illegal drug trade to the trafficking of women and children and weapons. The technological revolution of the 20th and 21st century has made growth easier. With the integration of international markets and cultural globalization law enforcement has seen a reinvention of old crimes. The United States and European Union have been required to integrate their resources to effectively focus on the daunting task of accomplishing a coordinated objective of security while maintaining their unique goals of protecting their various citizens. The United States have created departments such as Homeland Security to focus and monitor threats of international crime such as illegal aliens, the search and seizer of cargo entering in our ports that is thought to be carrying weapons of global destruction
The EU has been working to give Europol, its fledgling joint police body, a more assertive law enforcement role. Since 1999, Europol has functioned as an information clearinghouse for cross-border crimes such as terrorism and drug trafficking for member states’ law enforcement agencies. Europol currently has a staff of 391, including 60 liaison officers from national police, customs, immigration, and intelligence agencies. In April 2002, EU leaders agreed to allow Europol to ask national police services to launch specific criminal investigations and to participate in eventual EU joint investigation teams. Europol agents will still be prohibited from detaining or arresting suspects, and can only participate in joint investigations into crimes that fall within their mandate. Since September 11, the EU has also increased Europol’s budget by almost 50 percent to pay for more staff and growing counter-terrorist duties; for 2004, Europol’s budget is roughly $74 million. Euro just, the EU’s nascent unit of prosecutors and magistrates, was officially established in February 2002. It is charged with helping to coordinate the investigation and prosecution of serious cross-border crimes in EU member states. Some EU officials would also like to bolster the EU Chiefs of Police Task Force, which meets once every six months, to foster more systematic information exchanges.
It is without question that United States and European Union must take a multidimensional approach to pursue security, and trans national law enforcement, which combines integral components. At the same time, the U.S. cannot divorce itself from European issues and transatlantic law enforcement threats from its broader regional policies in Europe and Asia, or from its global strategies. The United States influence particularly has suffered greatly in Europe because of a widespread perception that it cannot pursue more than one interest at a time. Some argue that Washington cares only about political development, accusing it of backing, even staging, intelligence and human rights violations while fighting the” War on Terror.” Others believe that the U.S. cares only about military basing and logistics, accusing Washington of prioritizing the war in Afghanistan above every other objective. Through the Mutual Legal Assistance 3Treaty US/EU law enforcement cooperation can easily archived
Due to the expansion of globalized non state criminal and terror organizations and the inability of traditional law enforcement to maintain sustained and security initiatives due to budget constraints, and political collective law enforcement security Policy The United States and European Union will alter its current approach to address priority security issues there by reducing the frequency of violence. The US will construct a permanent collective law enforcement framework to post conflict security transition that differs from the rational “Realism” approach used in Europe during the Cold War, since 1990 the United States will deviate from establishing permanent overseas military lodgments, and will embrace a focused approach generally limiting intervention to areas where a “clear and present” danger to important United States and European Union interests exists while maintaining a “semi warm” access infrastructure, building a targeted security programs of intell to law enforcement contacts, and promoting interoperability this be a small but critical component of an overall U.S. policy of encouraging political and economic development in while also working with other interested parties, particularly Russia, to ensure transparency of effort and collaboration wherever possible. This approach can ensure that U.S. and its allies efforts in the region are effectively integrated with broader policy goals, both in Europe and beyond.