The 10 most unique and interesting new species discovered in 2014 have been culled from more than 18,000 new plants and animals discovered in 2014. An international group of taxonomists and biologists made the decision as part of the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry's (ESF) International Institute for Species Exploration (IISE) annual top 10 species announcement that coincides with the birth of Carolus Linnaeus who invented binomial nomenclature. The top ten new species can be viewed at the SUNY website on May 22. 2014.
New animals and plants are important because the discovery and definition of new species broaden science’s knowledge of evolutionary relationships. New species discoveries also add to the growing list of species that are potentially endangered by the activities of man. The choice of the top 10 new discoveries is just a chance to wonder at the strangeness, diversity, and creativity found in nature. All the top ten new finds can be seen here.
The top 10 new species for 2014 include a tree-dwelling carnivore that lives in the mountains in Colombia and Ecuador. The 4.5 pound animal is the first new species of carnivore discovered in 25 years. The animal has a direct relation to raccoons.
A new tree with a binomial nomenclature name that means mother of dragons has been discovered in Thailand. There are only 2,500 of these trees known to have survived. The tree can reach heights of 12 feet and is only found in the Loei and Lop Buri Provinces in Thailand.
Edwardsiella andrillae is the only sea anemone found that can live in ice. The animal was discovered in the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica. One of the smallest sea anemones ever known, the one-inch long beastie rests in ice and captures prey with tentacles that dangle from the animal’s ice home.
The 2014 list includes the largest single-celled animal that presently exists, a new species of gecko, tiny wasps that look like fairies, and one of the few known domed sea snails ever found. The list is designed to entrance and involve. The nationwide efforts to get more young people involved in the sciences are aided by efforts like this.