Parents often want to help their children learn how to read but aren't sure where to start. It doesn't require a degree in teaching or even a special program. There are simple steps parents can follow that will help your child read.
First and most importantly, read to your child everyday! This should begin when they are too young to even understand what you are reading. Sharing books with your child will help them see reading time as special and important. Continue this habit as they grow.
Second, when it is time for your child to begin reading, make sure you choose just right books. Just right books are not too hard and will contain simple text with picture clues for beginning readers. These should also be of high interest to your child. Books that are much too hard for your child will cause frustration and lead to a process that is not fun for you or your child.
Third, preload words. When you do this, you are previewing the book and finding four or five new words for your child. Write each word on an index card. Show your child the card and talk about the word. If it is a word with meaning that could be illustrated, have your child draw a picture of the meaning on the card. This will help connect the word with the meaning next time your child sees the word in a book.
When your child reads to you, offer support as needed. However, remember to give them a few seconds wait time to determine the word on their own before you jump in. Remember, the key is to not let your child reach the point of frustration.
The more often you have your child read to you, the easier the reading will become. As your child learns to read, don't forget to keep reading to your child. There will be days when your child is tired and just wants to listen to you. This is OK!
You will find more tips on helping your child learn to read on The Curriculum Corner Family at http://www.thecurriculumcornerfamily.com/2012/10/11/at-home-book-nook/.