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Timeline: How did Common Core come about in Maryland?

Stop Common Core

Although it seemed to most people that Common Core (CCSS) was suddenly sprung upon us overnight, that is far from the case. What was sprung on us overnight was any meaningful attempt at disclosure to the public about it. But the unleashing of the CCSS monster was a long, carefully planned process over the course of several years on both a national and state level.

As a sidenote, the timeline below could begin decades earlier, and surely would include No Child Left Behind, but while the direction of over-reaching education reforms have been in place for decades, a sudden surge in the speed, scope and sheer number of new reforms occurred starting in 2009.

When the implementation of CCSS is discussed, it cannot be separated from the implementation of the other requirements of the federal grants which funded it. So what is listed below are the events leading up to and the actions taken in order to comply with the requirements of the federal education grants Race To The Top (RTTT) and the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF). These requirements are for reforms which include student data collection in the MD Longitudinal Data System (MLDS), birth to workplace reforms (P20W), new education standards (CCSS), new standardized testing (PARCC), new teacher and principal evaluations, College and Career Readiness (CCR), Early Learning Challenge (ELC), biliteracy programs, and closing achievement gaps among demographics, just to name a few. The one common denominator in all these reforms is data collection in the MLDS.

Many of the bills passed by the MD General Assembly (MDGA) below were in preparation for these reforms, although their purposes were probably not very transparent to all of our legislators. One of the requirements for application to the RTTT was that no regulatory or statutory impediments to implementation existed at the time of application for the grant. As a result, you see a flurry of legislative activity in the months preceding the MD Dept of Education (MSDE) application for the RTTT in June of 2010.


2005: Licensing of child care centers went from being under the MD Dept. of Licensing & Regulation to being under MSDE
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Oct 2007: Gov O’Malley issues Executive Order to establish the P-20 Leadership Council of MD

Jul 2008: Gov O’Malley issues Executive Order 01.01.2008.09 to establish the Maryland State Advisory Council on Early Care and Education

Feb 17 2009: Passage of ARRA (American Recovery & Reinvestment Act/”Stimulus”)
Established and legislatively authorized $93.6B in federal education grants

Mar 7 2009: SFSF (State Fiscal Stabilization Fund) is established for $53.6B ($5B goes into RTTT) from the ARRA funds

Mar 24 2009: MSDE board unanimously votes to accept the MD State Curriculum for World Languages, funded by the RTTT World Languages Pipelines Project

May 2009: MD received 50% of its $1.2B award of SFSF grant funds

May 7 2009: MDGA passes HB587 which authorizes MSDE to assign teacher IDs linking teacher and student data

May 7 2009: MDGA passes HB588 which authorizes MSDE to develop a course coding system to collect data on student course participation and performance

Jun 1 2009: MD signed onto to CCSS by Gov. O’Malley and Superintendent Nancy Grasmick

2009: Complete College America, a national non-profit funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, was founded to promote college graduation rates

Oct 13 2009: Universal Design For Learning (UDL) Center is established by CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology)

Nov 4 2009: RTTT grant competition launched by USDE with $4.35B in ARRA funds to be awarded among the states

Jan 19 2010: first round deadline for RTTT grant awards

Jan 26 2010: MSDE unanimously adopts COMAR Regulation 13A.04.11 which defines the World Languages Program and standards funded by RTTT grant

Feb 23 2010: BCPS school board voted to approve the Race To The Top Resolution; the MOU was signed by Board President JoAnn Murphy, Superintendent Joseph Hairston, TABCO President, and MD Superintendent Nancy Grasmick

spring 2010: MD joined PARCC consortium (one of two groups states must join that develops student standardized testing for CCSS)

April 2010: MSDE issues regulatory changes to build a new teacher evaluation framework

May 4 2010: MDGA passes HB1263/SB899 (Education Reform Act of 2010) as an emergency bill which ties teacher & principal evaluations to student growth (read: the better kids do on the PARCC assessments, the better the teachers and principals do on their evaluations)
(BCPS school board voted to support this bill on 2/23/2010)

May 4 2010: MDGA passes SB275/HB467 which establishes the Longitudinal Database and Data System Center as an independent unit of state government
(BCPS school board voted to support this bill on 2/23/2010)

May 4 2010: MDGA passes HB350/SB758 which requires the MSDE to apply for RTT-ELC grant funds

May 4 2010: MDGA passes HB59/SB467 which establishes the task force to explore the incorporation of the principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) into the education systems in Maryland

May 4 2010: MDGA passes SB286/HB466 which establishes the governor’s P20 Leadership Council of Maryland (College and Career Readiness)

May 29 2010: MDGA passes HB1362 which authorizes local school boards to establish virtual schools
(BCPS board voted unfavorably on this bill on 2/23/2010)

June 1 2010: Gov. O’Malley issues Executive Order 01.01.2010.12 which establishes the MD Council for Educator Effectiveness

Jun 1 2010: second round deadline for RTTT grant awards
MD’s application:

Jun 2 2010: USDE released final draft of the standards (note: released one day AFTER the final grant application deadline)

Jun 22 2010: MSDE adopted CCSS math & ELA by unanimous vote of the board

Aug 24 2010: MD was awarded $250M from the RTTT grant competition

Oct 2010: MD receives funds to pursue the goals and objectives of the MD State Advisory Council on Early Care and Education

Dec 2010: MDGA passes legislation to approve specific allocations of SFSF grant funds

Dec 2011: MD is awarded $50M from the RTT-ELC (Early Learning Challenge) grant (funds expire in 2015)

Jan 3 2012: USDE amends FERPA (Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act) regulations “to allow for the effective use of student data”

May 22 2012: MDGA unanimously passes HB1227/SB293 which requires MSDE to establish goals and assessments in science and social studies to conform with CCSS objectives

May 29 2012: MD receives approval for ESEA Flexibility Waivers (to NCLB) [read: waivers to NCLB requirements are used as incentives to sign on to CCSS]

spring 2013: MD becomes the Fiscal Agent for the PARCC consortium after Florida resigned from the role

April 2013: final version of Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are released

April 9 2013: MDGA passes HB830 which requires a study of alternative methods of acquiring a high school diploma without passing the GED tests (new GED tests for 2014 will be aligned with CCSS)

May 2 2013: MDGA passes HB453 which establishes the MD Center For School Safety as an independent unit of state government

May 2 2013: MDGA passes SB385/HB327 which requires the Dept of Health, Education and Social Services to develop a process for nongovernmental entities to transfer electronic documents to governmental agencies

May 16 2013: MDGA passes HB1342 which requires postsecondary institutions to receive funds for transferring student level data to the MLDS and limits their liability in the event of a breach of the MLDS

May 16 2013: MDGA passes SB740/HB833 (College and Career Readiness and College Completion Act of 2013) which requires assessment of college readiness and remediation for 12th grade students in coordination with public community colleges; sets goals for college graduation among MD students; requires colleges to set incentives for graduation of students; sets college benchmarks for progress in achieving a college degree; establishes the Early College Access Grant for high school students who are also enrolled in college courses and qualify under Reduced Price Meals; requires an annual submission of student level college data by Dept of Legislative Services to Complete College America (a national non-profit)

May 16 2013: MDGA passes SB945 which adds the president of the MD Independent College and University Assoc to the board of the MLDS; sets procedures for colleges and private secondary schools to transfer student level and workforce data to the MLDS; requires state funded and non-state funded schools to transfer student level data to the MLDS; limits liability of schools for a breach of the MLDS

Oct 3 2013: BCPS board applies for RTT district grant competition and is awarded $60M

Oct 30 2013: MSDE presents emergency draft regulations to the state board that would align mathematics curricular requirements with the requirements of CCSS and the College and Career Readiness and College Completion Act

Dec 4 2013: BCPS board applies for RTT-D district grant competition


Bill to incorporate the July 2008 Executive Order that established the Maryland State Advisory Council on Early Care and Education into law since it was created by executive order only

HB86: Education: establishes the MD Seal of Biliteracy Program and requires student data collection for the program

SB111: MARYLAND HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION: requires the MD Higher Education Commission to establish a Private Career School Advisory Council

SB112: MARYLAND HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION: repeals the Innovative Parnterships for Technology Program for community colleges

SB124: Education Coordinating Committee and Lida Lee Tall Learning Resources

SB125: State-Aided Educational Institutions - Qualification Criteria

HB1: Children in need of assistance - Educational stability

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