Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a potentially debilitating disease in which your body's immune system attacks or eats away at the protective sheath (myelin) that covers the nerves. The myelin can be compared to that of the insulation in electrical wires, and when there is damage to the myelin, it engenders a hindrance in communication between the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves http://www.mayoclinic.com. Therefore, commencing to deterioration of the nerves themselves and this is not reversible.
Symptoms may be mild, such as numbness in the limbs, or severe, such as paralysis or loss of vision. The progress, severity, and specific symptoms of MS are unpredictable and vary from one person to another.
Some bad news or an unwanted prognosis usually always supervenes with diseases and conditions, so here it is; the cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. Many doctors, medical professionals and researchers are thunderstruck as to why multiple sclerosis develops in some people and not others. They have hypothesized that a combination of rudiments contribute to the reasons behind the cause. These rudiments or elements range from genetics to childhood infections such as Epstein-Barr Virus.
Multiple sclerosis can occur at any age, but most commonly affects people who range in age from 20-40 years old http://www.mayoclinic.com. Researchers at University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) claims that another element behind MS can be the ethnicity or nationality of the individual. Women and white people-particularly those from Northern Europe are at the higher risk of harboring multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is more common in geographic regions such as Europe, Southern Canada, Northern United States, New Zealand and Southern Australia.
Genetics and family history is believed to be a preeminent element or factor that can cause MS. If a parent or sibling has MS, then the other child will have a one to three percent chance of developing the disease. In spite of this sibling percentage, if an identical twin has multiple sclerosis, the second twin will have a thirty percent chance of developing the disease http://www.sparkpeople.com.
Studies are ongoing in the areas of immunology (the science of the body’s immune system), epidemiology (that looks at patterns of disease in the population), and genetics in an effort to answer this vital question. Understanding what causes MS will be an substantial step toward finding more effective ways to treat it and—comprehensively—curing it, or even prevent it from occurring in the first place http://www.nationalmssociety.org