The skin contains two main layers: the epidermis and dermis. The epidermis consists of five layers which protects the dermis against invading bacteria. These outer layers die quickly as part of the body’s natural exfoliation process. Because exfoliation does not happen uniformly, services such as microdermabrasion become popular.
Microdermabrasion is a skin care treatment that removes dead skin cells from the skin’s surface. The body treats this as an injury and works to regrow another layer of damage-free skin. The service is performed in a day spa or med spa setting. The technician will use a wand-like instrument that both blasts and then vacuums up the loosened debris and the crystals that are part of the treatment.
Although the skin will look somewhat red or inflamed, the immediate feeling after microdermabrasion is a smoother texture. It will feel dryer because moisture evaporates with the skin’s removal. Moisturizer is essential after the service. Bruising does occasionally occur, especially around the lip area. If the treatment is too deep, permanent discoloration is possible. For this reason, the service should only be performed by a highly trained tech. The service costs approximately $125. Monthly treatments are usually recommended.
Microdermabrasion is not recommended for active skin conditions such as rosacea, broken capillaries, herpes, uncontrolled acne, warts, open sores, lupus, diabetes, or people taking blood thinning medications.
Exfoliation can be performed at home with hand held devices or products. This process is less invasive. It is important not to use these methods near the eyes as this area is thin and subject to irritation.