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The History Of BDSM

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Ever since the Fifty Shades of Grey books were published, the world has become increasingly interested in BDSM, which is an acronym for Bondage, Dominance, Sadism, and Masochism. Nevertheless, what exactly is BDSM, how does it work, and what is its history? Below we will discuss the history of BDSM through the ages.

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What is BDSM and How Does it Work?

BDSM is a specific erotic preference that deals with dominance and discipline, bondage and submission, as well as sadism and masochism. This erotic preference does not define sexual orientation. It involves one party playing the role of the aggressor, who dominates and inflicts pain on another party who plays the submissive role and accepts the inflicted pain.

People who are involved in BDSM assume roles, which they would otherwise not play in real life. This is done to enhance pleasure for both parties during sexual play. Some parties usually agree to take on one role while others prefer to interchange the sexual roles they play. It all depends on the preferences that each party has as well as the agreement put in place prior to role-playing.

For most BDSM games, there is usually a safe word. This is a word that the party upon which the pain and dominance is inflicted should say in order for the sexual games being played to come to an instant halt. There have been cases of fatalities whenever BDSM games are not played properly.

The History of BDSM

BDSM has quite a long history. The terms that form the acronym were not all introduced into mainstream terminology at the same time. In 1890, Sadism and Masochism were introduced as part of medical terminology by a psychiatrist known as Richard Von Krafft-Ebing. Freud went on to expound on the issue even further.

However, prior to that, the terms had been used to describe activities that were considered sexually sadistic, with the participants feeling the need to either inflict or accept pain. The term sadism was named for Marquis de Sade who also went by his full names Donatien Alphonse Francois de Sade. The masochism part was derived from Leopold von Sacher-Masoch. He was a writer (1836-1895) and strived to write and fulfill all his sexual fantasies and fetishes for submission and domination with his mistresses and wives.

Who was Marquis de Sade?

Marquis de Sade was a French aristocrat born in 1740 and died in 1814. What makes him notable in the history of BDSM however, is not his aristocratic background. Rather, it is his libertine sexuality as well as his work as a writer. Unlike other writers of his time, his works, which were erotic in nature and dealt with pornographic philosophies. His works delved into sexual fantasies that placed emphasis on criminality and violence.

Francois de Sade slept with both prostitutes and employees of both sexes alike. He was also accused of sleeping with his sister-in-law. What made authorities take not however, were the accusations from some of his sexual partners or victims, who accused him or sexual imprisonment and physical. He was also accused of poisoning some prostitutes with what he thought was a Spanish fly aphrodisiac. The sexual harassment, mistreatment, and sodomy charges made him a wanted man.

To put it simply, Marquis de Sade can be considered the father of modern sadism and sadistic tendencies pertaining to sexual art forms.

BDSM Predating Marquis de Sade

Since the times of ancient Mesopotamia BDSM existed. Ancient records of that time talk about the Goddess Inanna who dominated Ebih to bring pain, and ecstasy. Statues of the Goddess Inanna are still found today and highly prized in museums.

By 9th century BC, ancient texts talk of the Greek priestesses who beat up young adolescent men for religious masochistic purposes. There is a fresco in a Tarquinian tomb, which shows erotic beatings taking place. The fresco dates back to 5th century BC. Read more:[Group sex: The history of swinging in Roman and Egyptian orgies]

An ancient poet from Rome, Juvenal also talks about flagellation as part of sexual play to enhance pleasure and pain for the parties involved. The poet is said to have lived in 1st and 2nd century AD.

Even the ancient Sanskrit sex manual the Kama Sutra, talks of around four ways of being hit during the love making process, which is very much a part of the BDSM culture.

Modern BDSM

It is quite hard to trace BDSM in the modern context, because it seems to have always been there. Sexual games involving restraint, pain and role playing were played in most brothels in different continents.

In the 1950s and 1960s, films and photography featuring bondage themes seemed to have cemented the status of this erotic preference.

By the time, Fifty Shades of Grey and its sequels were published; a number of people were practicing BDSM. If anything, the books served to enhance the appeal of BDSM. Nowadays people can enjoy watching video on BDSM or even reading BDSM stories.

Related Articles:

BDSM lifestyle and its benefits

Getting started with kinky sex

BDSM for your relationship

http://www.examiner.com/slideshow/bdsm-lifestyle-1#slide=1

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