The Governments of North America & Its Indigenous Peoples
Terrance H. Booth, Sr. Nishwilgun – Tsimshian Nation
In the history of both governments of North America there never has been any completed resolution of solving the social and economic issues of its Indigenous Peoples. Under current administration of Canada their Prime Minister is attempting to terminate the special status of all the First Nations Peoples. In the United States the Republicans through sequestration have created its federal budget with less program funding and currently limited the food stamp program keeping the poor people hunger.
Under such confrontational and controversial legislation the Indigenous Peoples are taking a firm stand opposing the detrimental legislative acts that is keeping poor people even much poorer. With the poverty level as high as 70-80% in some areas of North America especially on several Indian Reservations the damaging legislation by the Republican Sequestration has a devastating impact upon several Native America programs.
“The federal government plays a critical role for the 1.7 million American Indians and Alaska Natives in the 566 federally recognized tribes, providing key services that include health care, schools, social programs and law enforcement protection, all supported by its long-standing treaty obligations made with Native Americans.” 
Under 44 presidents poverty has not been eliminated yet current president knows about Native people and their Poverty rate. President Obama in 2013 speech: “Now, second, we’ve got to keep our covenant strong by expanding opportunity for Native Americans. We’ve created jobs building new roads and high-speed Internet to connect more of your communities to the broader economy. We’ve made major investments in job training and tribal colleges and universities. But the fact remains Native Americans face poverty rates that are higher by far than the national average. And that’s more than a statistic, that’s a moral call to action. We’ve got to do better.” 
Canada’s treatment to its First Nations Peoples: “Whether Harper fully understands all of this is unclear. He’s reputed to be a master tactician. But with a few exceptions, the prime minister has been remarkably tone deaf about Indian, Métis and Inuit issues.
He has offended the mainstream aboriginal organizations, first by limiting their core funding and then by bypassing them altogether in his planned reforms to the Indian Act.
For the Inuit of the Eastern Arctic, global warming is a real and immediate threat. Yet in Conservative-dominated Ottawa, climate change is a non-issue.
True, Harper has apologized on behalf of former governments for any abuses suffered by aboriginal children in Canada’s now defunct residential school system. True also that after three years of bitter opposition, his government signed the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.” 
Even with treaty obligations both governments of North America seemingly ignore the issues of the Indigenous Peoples of this continent. Ever since the formation of both governments their archives will show that the Indigenous People have spoken in behalf of their Peoples. Under such non-committal events and actions of both governments of North America its Indigenous Peoples still suffer for example on the Standing Rock Reservation in the Dakotas a woman was found dead in her home with empty propane tank.  Even with such distressing incidents governments of both countries let it pass or otherwise it is a state of emergency in other countries but not their own country peoples.
When are the Alaska Native, First Nations and Native American going to setup a Call-to-Action Agenda to once and for all eliminate poverty from our midst? We can resolve our own social and economic issues for by 2017 the buying power of Natives will be:
Native Americans’ Buying Power
Native Americans’ buying power has increased from $19.6 billion in 1990 to $87.3 billion in 2010, and is projected to climb to $147.7 billion in 2017. 
The percentage change in Native Americans’ buying power between 1990 and 2017 is 653.6%, higher than the percentage change for most other racial/ethnic groups. 
Native Americans’ share of the consumer market was 0.8% in 2010. 
Since we have that much buying power we can implement more Alaska Native and Native American Businesses on tribal lands and implement major studies to see where the tribal revenues and earnings are spent. Most likely one will readily see the cash flow of any revenues earned are spent off reservations this translates that dollars our tribal earnings are being spent off reservation we prosper our neighbors instead of prospering ourselves as Natives.
Just this process of establishing more tribal businesses within the reservation settings will stop the spending going off of the reservation and keeping dollars spent on the reservation settings means that we can begin to prosper ourselves as Natives. This translates into buying local from Native Owned and Operated Tribal Businesses. What does buying local mean to local Indian Reservation?
Diagram of buying from locally own business:
Translates $100 dollars spent in buying local $73 Dollars stay within the local economy versus non-local spending only $43 dollars stay in the local economy while $57 dollars leaves the local economy. So Native peoples it is time we build our own nation-wide tribal oriented economies with All Native businesses for marketing, accounting, local Native business services, farm goods and produce to sell direct to our local tribal owned and operated casino restaurants, office supplies from local Native companies, all Native agencies start buying from local Native owned businesses, including Tribal police departments, local fire departments, Native Schools start buying from local Native owned and operated businesses, tribal administration start buying from local owned and operated businesses and all entities that purchases goods and services located upon tribal settings start buying from local owned and operated businesses.
This writer is a worker at one of the local tribal casinos and restaurant buying is far away as Mexico or even another state and buying local from tribes that are in agriculture can greatly benefit greatly for it is readily note volumes of food supplies are bought from non-local businesses. Also, noted that the technical staffs of a casino many workers are non-Native and again electronic services are non-Native. Tribes such commission an exclusive economic study and receive an in-depth analysis of where do the dollars go that are earned on the reservation setting it will readily reveal that tribal revenues are spent off reservations only benefitting their neighbors instead of benefitting themselves as Tribes. Let us begin to instigate and form a nation-wide tribal initiative to bring our tribes out of poverty and build nation-wide tribally oriented economies in this generation.
5. Notes CATALYST, Knowledge Center, Business Case, Jeffrey M. Humphreys, The Multicultural Economy 2012 (Selig Center for Economic Growth, Terry College of Business, University of Georgia, 2012).