Cats are amazingly nimble and agile jumpers and climbers with a highly developed sense of balance. Their claws allow them to get hold of a good grip while climbing and the tail is used as an offset. The organs of equilibrium are the fluid-filled, semicircular canals within the inner ear, from which information is recurrently conveyed to the brain and interpreted. The dispensation of all information relating to spatial position, nature of the surface on which the cat is climbing, visual data is incredibly speedy.
Electrical signals are sent to suitable groups of muscles so that a cat is able to move swiftly and keep his/her balance even in complex circumstances. Certainly cats do sometimes get into trouble and have to be rescued from high places, being too frightened to attempt a plunge. A cat may also miscalculate the distance of a jump, or lose his/her balance for some other reason, and fall. Should a fall occur, a series of “righting reflexes” quickly come into play so that a cat typically lands in an upright position on his/her padded paws. This helps to diminish the risk of injury but cannot prevent it in total, in particular if the cat falls from a height onto a hard surface. Nevertheless, cats are well known for their extraordinary escapes from risky situations.
Inner ear pedals the balance of the cat by maintaining the equilibrium. Their diminutive size and low body weight help them to land safely from a height. The inner ear is so exceedingly developed that the feline can establish the position, reposition consequently and land properly on four paws. A feline regulates his/her bodily features bending the legs while jumping, so the hit or tug when he/she reaches the ground is distributed all over the body. The cushioned paws also give aid in this procedure.
Cats also use their tail to attain the equilibrium to gracefully walk on a narrow surface. Should kitty fall from a greater height, he/she stretches the legs, as a result increasing the friction against air. This reduces the speed so the cat can land perfectly.
Interestingly enough, felines are injured more when they fall or jump from a less height than a pretty large height. This takes place because when the cat falls from a low height, he/she can’t coordinate all the activities in shorter time span. The actions such as expanding the body area by stretching leg thus reducing the speed and altering the legs for a perfect landing cannot be accomplished in a short span of time.
The cat is beyond doubt blessed with wonderful body features that help to maintain the balancing sense.