Across our nation, courthouses are places of justice where an individual is presumed to be innocent and only an impartial jury will decide whether that individual will walk free. Here in Newark, New Jersey, the Essex County Courthouse is much more than a place of democracy: the building is an architectural wonder. Outside the courthouse, there are white elegant columns as well as an iconic bronze sculpture that Gutzon Borglum created. Inside the courthouse, there are paintings of the renaissance era, a Tifffany stained glass dome ceiling in the rotunda and murals. On June 26, 1975, the Essex County Courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
Cass Gilbert, a renowned American architect, created the Essex County Courthouse in 1901. When he was just 17 years old, Gilbert began his architectural career in St. Paul Minnesota. If you enjoy the view of the skyscrapers in New York City, you are admiring the work of Gilbert. He was one of the early creators of skyscrapers. He constructed many skyscrapers in New York City and in Cincinnati. He designed the Woolworth Building in New York City in 1913; it was the tallest structure when it was built. Gilbert’s last project was a great contribution to his country: he constructed the United States Supreme Court Building.
In the City of Newark where there are old building and modern ones, the Essex County Courthouse stands out as a relic of the past, of fine architecture of bygone days.