In Spanish, it is known as the Barranca del Cobre, and gets it's name from the canyon walls. The walls of the canyon have a copper tone, thus the name - Copper Canyon.
There are six rivers that run through the Copper Canyon, which merge into the Rio Fuerte, and then empty into the Sea of Cortez.
The Copper Canyon consists of 20 distinct canyons throughout the 25,000 sq. miles of the canyon area.
From the east, the Copper Canyon starts around the city of Chihuahua and ends in the area of the city of El Fuerte. The canyon and river collection encompass 25,000 sq. miles in one of the most remote areas of Mexico.
The Cooper Canyon area is inhabited by the indigenous group, the Tarahumara.
In the summer time, they live in the highest parts of the canyon, living off of corn, beans, their domesticated animals and local plants that are found within the Canyon complex.
In the winter time, they move to the lowest depths of the canyon, seeking the the higher temperatures.
The canyon area is high enough to get snow in the winter. In fact, the largest production are in Mexico that produces apples is found in Ciudad Cuauhtemoc. one of the stops on the Ferrocarril Chihuahua Pacífico train ride through the Copper Canyon.
The largest waterfall in Mexico, Piedra Volada Falls, is located in the Copper Canyon complex - located about 20 miles north of Chihuahua. The Piedro Volada Falls drop water 1486 feet into one of the rivers that flow through the Copper Canyon.
The second highest waterfall in Mexico is located north of Creel, in the Parque Nacional Cascada Basaseachic. This water fall is 807 ft. high.
Both the falls are seasonal. If you want to see the full majesty of both, the rainy season - from July to September - is the time to visit the area.
The deepest part of the Copper Canyon is located just outside the town of Urique, a town that is only accessible by a dirt road.
From the mountain top of Mohinara Mountain to the floor of the canyon river, the depth is 12,140 feet. (The deepest part of the Grand Canyon is 5,300 feet)
The second deepest area of the canyon, is located outside the town of Guachochi. Known as La sinforosa, (translated as the souvenir of the canyon) is 5, 984 ft. deep. It is truly a magnificent sight to behold!
If you're into hiking, kayaking, mountain climbing and just love the mountains, this is an area allows all these activities and more.
See it soon, because the state of Chihuahua is putting in roads to some of the remotest parts of the canyon, to get access to the minerals and timber. This area, within the next decade, will not be the same.
It is unfortunate for the area that "progress", with new roads, new airports and other infrastructure, will destroy the pristine lands that are the Copper Canyon.
Catch it while you can, the Copper Canyon is an amazing area to visit and explore! As the years go by, less and less of the Copper Canyon will be able to avoid man's foot print.