Viral rhinitis sounds like an intimidating health condition. However, it is a technical name for the common cold. Medically, viral rhinitis is the inflammation and irritation of mucous membrane in the nose. It affects everyone, young and old, all year long.
According to Harvard Health Publications, the average person gets between one and three colds every year. This attributes to 23 million missed days of work annually and 26 million absent days from school.
Classmates and co-workers are most likely to spread the common cold to others. However, families will also share the germs throughout a household.
The viruses travel through the air from infected sneezes or coughs. People should cough into their arms rather than directly into the air or their hands. Besides inhaling the germs, they can also be spread via hand-to-hand contact.
This occurs when those infected rub their eyes or noses and then touch other people, who in turn rub their eyes or noses. Germs can also spread from touching common surfaces like tabletops and door knobs.People need to constantly wash their hands when they are around those with a cold.
There are over 200 viruses that cause the common cold, which is why doctors cannot develop a vaccination for it. Some strains cause colds in the fall or spring while others are more common in the wintertime. The first symptom is generally a sore throat, which can occur 10 hours after infection.
Other symptoms include congestion with a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing and coughing. The symptoms may last only a week but Harvard Health Publications claims up to 25 percent of people will experience lingering symptoms that may remain for a month.
Since there is no cure for the common cold, people should not visit their doctor with related symptoms. However, there are several ways to suppress the symptoms. There are numerous at home remedies that may help, which include inhaling steam to break up nasal congestion or gargling warm salt water to soothe a sore throat.
There are dozens of over-the-counter medicines that also tackle symptoms but people should avoid those with sedatives if they have daily work to complete.
The common cold should not be associated with a fever. Ear pain, shortness of breath, and wheezing are not typical symptoms either. Those suffering for these conditions should visit their doctor. Those in the Pontiac area can visit Doctors' Hospital of Michigan.