This article is intended to be a short view of what the Bible teaches about the fact that Jesus is God. Taking a look through the Bible, we don’t see Jesus Christ coming right out and saying, “I am God,” however, there’s no denying it if a person reads more than just a paragraph about Him.
There are religions which say Jesus was just a man or that Jesus became a god (see the Jehovah’s Witnesses) or that He is one of many gods (the Mormons), and others that say He was a prophet and a good teacher only (Islam / Muslims).
Bible References about the Deity of Jesus Christ
All Bible references come from the English Standard Version to keep everything consistent as to not confuse the reader or make a case for Jesus being God by picking verses from other version that would try to make the case. The verses are also linked so the reader may click on the verses and read from the Bible online.
Matthew, one of Jesus’ apostles, speaks of the wise men of the east who came to worship Jesus Christ. The Bible condemns the worship of anyone but God alone:
“Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem, saying, “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him.”” Also: “And going into the house they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Then, opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh.” (Matthew 2.1,2,11)
After Jesus Christ resurrected from the dead, Matthew tells us again that He is worshipped. Note if Jesus is not God, He should have rebuked them for going against the Law of God to worship only the Creator:
“And behold, Jesus met them and said, “Greetings!” And they came up and took hold of his feet and worshiped him. Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid; go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee, and there they will see me.”” (Matthew 28.9,10)
The Apostle John explaining that Jesus has always been and is God: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.” (John 1.1,2)
As previously stated, the Bible says mankind is only allowed to worship God. In this verse from John, the Jews were so angry, they wanted to kill Jesus for Him making Himself equal with God:
“This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.” (John 5.18)
Speaking of those whom Jesus came to save from their sins, He says He gives eternal life (no mere man can do this; only God):
“I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand.” (John 10.28)
Again, John writes of another Apostle (Thomas) who doubted, but afterward called Jesus God:
“Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here, and see my hands; and put out your hand, and place it in my side. Do not disbelieve, but believe.” 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!”” (John 20.27,28)
In the book of Acts, Jesus is recorded as being prayed to as deity:
“And as they were stoning Stephen, he called out, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.”” (Acts 7.59)
The Apostle Paul also says Jesus is God and that in Him is the fullness of deity:
“See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ. For in him the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily,” (Colossians 2.8,9)
Paul also speaks of Christ being without sin and that He took the sin of mankind on Himself when He died for people:
“He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth. When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly. He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed. (1 Peter 2.22-24)
The writer of Hebrews states that the Father, equal to the Son, calls Jesus God and that Jesus was the Creator of this world The text also puts to rest that Jesus is not a created angel:
“But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions.” And, “You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands: they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment, like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will have no end.” And to which of the angels has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”? (Hebrews 1.8-12)
He goes on to say that Jesus is without sin (as did Paul in the book of 1 Peter did):
“For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.” (Hebrews 4.15)
Jesus Christ is the I AM of the Old Testament
There are plenty more Scriptures that explain that Jesus Christ truly is God. To add to the list above and pull from the Old Testament where many people think Jesus didn’t exist, we can look at three passages together to see how they prove the deity of Jesus Christ. When God chose to reveal who He is, He told Moses to say “I AM” is who He is to be called:
“God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”” (Exodus 3.14)
John records Jesus as saying He is not from here and that if one does not believe He is God, the people will die in their sins and go to Hell, explaining He is the God of the Old Testament as seen in Exodus 3.14:
“He said to them, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins.”” (John 8.23,24)
Speaking to the same people who wanted to stone Him to death, Jesus makes it clear that He is the God of the Old Testament by calling Himself I AM:
“Your father Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day. He saw it and was glad.” So the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?” Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” (John 8.56-58)
From Jesus About who People Say He is
There’s no debating whether Jesus Christ is God when the Bible is critiqued. Again, He never said, “I am God,” but since He ties Himself to the I AM statement God made to Moses in the Old Testament. He was also worshipped and never rebuked a person for the worship. Jesus was prayed to, had no sin, and gives eternal life. A person would have to insist that the Bible is wrong with all its history and various writers saying the same thing about Jesus. The deity of Jesus Christ has never been satisfactorily refuted. There are the Early Church Fathers and other writings that point to Jesus Christ being God, too.
Though there are religious cults such as the Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Latter Day Saints (Mormons) who claim Jesus is not God, writing their own books to try to disprove the original Bible, if an honest look at the text from the Holy Bible is taken, they, among others, would see the correction and warnings from Jesus Christ Himself as not to die in their sins and go to Hell after death:
“I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins.” (John 8.24).
The Bible goes on to say that Jesus Christ is not only Creator, but has loving warnings for His created people:
“For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together." (Colossians 1.16,17) and “For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,” (Hebrews 10.26) and “It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” (Hebrews 10.31)