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The basic martini and variations to know

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Many cocktails are generally accepted as Martinis, and depending on where you live, some of these you may only see once in a great while, however they are good to know if for no other reason than when a friend or patron asks you to “surprise them.”

The basic Martini is as follows:


  • 2 1/2 oz Gin
  • 1 1/2 tsp Dry Vermouth
  • Garnish with olives

In a mixing glass half-filled with ice cubes, combine the gin and vermouth. Stir well. Strain into a cocktail glass. Garnish with the lemon twist or an olive.

Basic variations of the Martini:

  • Dry Martini- 1/2 the amount of dry vermouth
  • Extra Dry Martini- two of drops of dry vermouth
  • Bone Dry Martini- no vermouth
  • Perfect Martini- equal parts of sweet and dry vermouth
  • Vodka Martini- vodka as a replacement for gin
  • Dirty Martini- small amount of olive juice
  • Gibson- garnish with cocktail onion in place of olives

Other than those basic variants, the following three cocktails are popular Martini cocktails that every bartender should know how to make.



  • 1 oz Vodka
  • 1/2 oz Triple sec
  • 1/2 oz Rose's sweetened lime juice
  • 1/2 oz Cranberry juice
  • Lime wedge

Shake liquid ingredients like hell in a shaker with ice. Place lime wedge on the rim of a Martini glass. Pour mix into the glass, up. Enjoy!

Rob Roy


  • 1 1/2 oz Scotch
  • 3/4 oz Sweet Vermouth
  • 1 dash Angostura bitters
  • 1 Maraschino cherry

Stir ingredients with ice, strain into a cocktail glass. Garnish with a cherry.



  • 3/4 oz Sweet Vermouth
  • 2 1/2 oz Blended Bourbon
  • dash of Angostura bitters
  • Ice cubes
  • 1 Maraschino cherry
  • 1 twist of orange

Combine the vermouth, whiskey, bitters and ice in a mixing glass. Stir gently, don't bruise the spirits and cloud the drink. Place the cherry in a chilled cocktail glass and strain the whiskey mixture over the cherry. Rub the cut edge of the orange peel over the rim of the glass and twist it over the drink to release the oils but don't drop it in.



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