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The 1800 United States Census

A photo of one of my census records
A photo of one of my census records
Isabelle Esteves

The second United States Census was taken in 1800. It took nine months to compile beginning on August 4, 1800. It was more useful than the previous 1790 census in several ways. Like the 1790 census it only gave the name of the head of household but it had additional categories for the other members of the household:

  • Free white males under 10
  • Free white males 10-16
  • Free white males 16-26
  • Free white males 26-45
  • Free white males 45 and over
  • Free white females under 10
  • Free white females 10-16
  • Free white females 16-26
  • Free white females 26-45
  • Free white females 45 and over
  • Others free except Indian
  • Slaves

In the 1790 census, there were only two categories for additional males, under and over 16 and only one category for females. With this census, while names are not given, the different generations within a household are obvious. Freed slaves can also be seen under other free.

While still lacking when compared to later censuses, genealogist find the 1800 United States Census a vast improvement over the 1790 census. One deficiency is that since there was no printed form, some enumerators put the names in alphabetic order which removes the possibility of identifying which families were neighbors. Another thing which is still not obvious is whether or not the people living in the household were related and how they were related. Still, with any prior information or collaborating records, it should be easier to tell families of the same name apart.

This census can be viewed several different ways. Ancestry.com offers the census to its members, but membership requires a fee. The 1800 census can be viewed online for free at Familysearch.com. It is also available at any of the National Archive locations

The records for all the states that were in the union in 1800 Connecticut are available to search. Those states are:

  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Maine which was part of Massachusetts
  • Maryland including the District of Columbia
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Vermont
  • Virginia including West Virginia

Additionally, Indiana, Mississippi and Northwest territories are included in the records. For genealogists who are looking for their family in post-Revolutionary America, the 1800 Unites States Census is a helpful tool in finding the exact location where the family was living and the composition of their household.