Texas is the second largest state in population. How is represented demographically?
“As of 2004, the state has 3.5 million foreign-born residents, 15.6% of the state population, of which an estimated 1.2 million are illegal immigrants. Illegal immigrants account for more than one-third of the foreign-born population in Texas and 5.4% of the total state population. In 2010, illegal immigrants constituted an estimated 6.0% of the population, the fifth highest percentage of any state.
U.S. Census data from 2010 indicate that 7.7% of Texas' population is under 5 years old, 27.3% is under 18, and 10.3% is aged 65 and older. Females made up 50.4% of the population.
As of 2007, 36% of Texas residents had Hispanic ancestry; these include recent immigrants from Mexico.
According to Steve Murdock, a demographer with the Hobby Center for the Study of Texas at Rice University and a former director of the U.S. Census Bureau, the White American population is aging, while minority populations remain relatively young. As of 2011, according to Murdock, two out of three children in Texas are not non-Hispanic Whites. Murdock also predicted that, between 2000 and 2040 (assuming that the net migration rate will equal half that of 1990-2000), Hispanic public school enrollment will increase by 213 percent, while non-Hispanic white enrollment will decrease by 15 percent.
What we have here is the making of a “purple” state, one in which is trending toward blue with all of the younger folks and Latinos. That means that Senator Ted Cruz is likely to have a hard time continuing to sell his hard line against people receiving benefits that they need to have a fair shot as citizens in the USA. Furthermore, a large population want to see more expeditious action on immigration reform. Neither of those things is championed by Ted Cruz.
It appears that Texas is emerging more as a typical middle America state that the Washington Post report labels “purple”. To this analyst, the red is washing out as time goes on and with it, so will Ted Cruz.
Texas is becoming more urban and diverse, with minorities making up the bulk of the population increase. According to the Texas State Data Center, the Hispanic population is expected to outnumber non-Hispanic whites by 2020.
Those changes are likely to leave Texas a fainter red than it has been, but not exactly blue, either.
Cruz is “the new model, and I think it’s probably going to be the last model, because it will lead us right into the demographic changes that are occurring and will not serve us well as Texas becomes a purple state,” said veteran Republican political consultant John Weaver.
“There’s no way that playing to the angry crowd is a sustainable path,” added a Republican state legislator, who did not want to be quoted criticizing his party’s biggest rising star. “If [the Cruz forces] misplay it and continue to run into the ditch, then we will hand it to the Democrats.”
Next year promises to be a particularly turbulent one in Texas politics. As Perry retires after the longest tenure of any Texas governor, many Republicans are positioning themselves to move up the escalator to higher office. And on the Democratic side, state Sen. Wendy Davis will bring star power and the national following she gained after staging a filibuster that temporarily delayed passage of the state’s new antiabortion law in June.