April 15, 1986, President Ronald Reagan bombed Libya after warning Libya of its aggressive pursuit of nuclear weapons and anti-Israel maneuvers. There were 40 civilian casualties and one U.S. fighter jet went down, killing two U.S. airmen.
The attack was condemned by many countries. United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution 41/38 which "condemned the military attack perpetrated against the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya on 15 April 1986, which constitutes a violation of the Charter of the United Nations and of international law.
March 19, 2003 President George W. Bush invades Iraq under pretext of weapons of mass destruction. Congress approved the military aggression, but the United Nations condemned the invasion. The Lancet Survey gave an estimated 654,965 "excess deaths" to June 2006; and the Opinion Research Business Survey estimated 1,033,000 "deaths as a result of the conflict", to April 2009. No weapons of mass destruction were found at the cost of nearly 5,000 US military deaths and $1.7 trillion.
September 4, 2013 President Barack Obama warns Syria that using chemical weapons against Syrian rebels, violates international law. Syria awaits the hammer to drop while pleading its case with Russia and the international community. President Obama weighs the pros and cons of US military actions against lethal weapons used by countries in the Middle Eastern region.
President Obama will address the nation at 9:00 pm EST, Tuesday September 10, 2013 on Syria.
Subsequently and according to Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moallem, who spoke with reporters in Moscow that his nation "welcomes" a proposal that Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov made during talks on Monday that a diplomatic solution in the standoff between Syria and the United States surfaced Monday Sept 9. The war-torn country said it supported a proposal to hand over control of its chemical weapons. The idea: put Syria's chemical weapons under international control to avert a U.S. military response over an alleged poison gas attack last month
An initial Senate vote on whether to authorize a military strike against Syria had been expected on Wednesday.
"Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid is holding off on taking steps toward a first vote. An aide said that the Russia proposal is serious and fluid enough that members do not want to lock themselves into a position on Syria just yet.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said the Russian proposal " deserves a thorough examination."
It would be acceptable under several conditions, Fabius said. Al-Assad should immediately hand over control of the weapons and allow their destruction, he said, calling for the U.N. Security Council to pass a binding resolution with "firm consequences."
"Since the beginning, France has set two goals: punishment and deterrence," he said. "That is why we are now asking specific, rapid and verifiable commitments by the Syrian regime."
Sen. Dianne Feinstein, chairwoman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said she would "welcome" Lavrov's call for Syria to transfer control of its chemical weapons "to prevent an international strike."
"I believe that Russia can be most effective in encouraging the Syrian president to stop any use of chemical weapons and place all his chemical munitions, as well as storage facilities, under United Nations control until they can be destroyed," the California Democrat said.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry opens a window of diplomacy during a speech in London that Syria and Russia follow through on.
After being asked, "what could Syria do to avert military action from the US?", Kerry said that Assad "could turn over every single bit of his chemical weapons to the international community in the next week …. But he isn't about to do it, and it can't be done." At that point, Russia drafts a proposal for Syria to confirm.
Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said getting Syria to surrender the stockpiles "would be an important step."
"But this cannot be another excuse for delay or obstruction," Clinton said during an event at the White House Monday. "And Russia has to support the international community's efforts sincerely or be held to account."