Eating speed did not reduce calorie intake but did increase the consumption of fluids and reduce feelings of hunger in overweight and obese people according to new research conducted by researchers in the Department of Kinesiology at Texas Christian University that was published in the Dec. 30, 2013, edition of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
The test compared the caloric intake of a group of normal-weight people and a group of overweight and obese people based on the speed that each group consumed a meal. The slow eating method consisted of taking a short rest between small bites and being told there was no time constraint on the time to eat a meal. The fast eating study insisted on a time constraint and taking large bites.
Normal-weight people consumed fewer calories than obese or overweight people in the trial. Obese and overweight people consumed 27 percent more fluids during the slow eating experiment and reported feeling less hunger one hour after consuming a meal at a slow pace.
The physiological implications are that slow eating including the consumption of more fluids produces distention of the stomach and a feeling of fullness that lasts longer.
The fact that slow eating did not reduce calorie consumption in obese and overweight people but did in normal-weight people is considered to be the result of consuming less food during both fast and slow eating experiments. The researchers propose that a high level of self-consciousness on the part of obese and overweight people may explain this result.
The researchers propose eating at a slow pace as an additional method of curbing the stagnant rates of obesity in the United States that presently stand at 36 percent of the population.
One might consider that fast-food also means fast eating.