According to a March 12th, 2013 report issued by Transgender Europe, there has been a consistent rise in transgender murders committed world wide.
The report, called the Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) project, was started in April 2009 to systematically monitor, collect and analyze reports of homicides of trans people worldwide. Updates of the report are published two to three times a year on the Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide website.
The March 12th, 2013 update reveals a total of 1,123 reported killings of trans people in 57 countries worldwide within the last five years (January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2012). The year-by-year breakdown of worldwide reported murders are as follows:
- 2008: 148 reported trans murders
- 2009: 217 reported trans murders
- 2010: 229 reported trans murders
- 2011: 262 reported trans murders
- 2012: 267 reported trans murders
Keep in mind that the above figures are only from reported cases. In most countries,
data on murdered trans people are not systematically produced and it is impossible to estimate the numbers of unreported cases. Due to this, the true number of homicides committed on trans people could be considerably higher.
Though the 1,123 reported trans murders have been collected from all major regions of the world (Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Europe and North America), a large majority of reported cases were from Central and South America, which amount to 864 reports in 22 countries, and account for 77 % of the globally reported murders of trans people since January 2008.
The following is the Country-by-Country breakdown for the reported trans murders committed in Central and South America:
- Brazil: 452 reported trans murders
- Mexico: 106 reported trans murders
- Colombia: 65 reported trans murders
- Venezuela: 54 reported trans murders
- Honduras: 41 reported trans murders
- Guatemala: 36 reported trans murders
- Argentina: 19 reported trans murders
- Dominican Republic: 14 reported trans murders
- Ecuador & Peru: 11 reported trans murders each
- Puerto Rico & Bolivia: 9 reported trans murders each
- Uruguay: 8 reported trans murders
- El Salvador: 7 reported trans murders
- Paraguay: 5 reported trans murders
- Costa Rica, Nicaragua & Chile: 4 reported trans murders each
- Cuba & Panama: 2 reported trans murders each
- Jamaica: 1 reported trans murder
As far as the rest of the world is concerned, the figures are as followes:
- United States: 69 reported trans murders
- Turkey: 30 reported trans murders
- Philippines: 28 reported trans murders
- India: 24 reported trans murders
- Italy: 20 reported trans murders
- Pakistan: 19 reported trans murders
- Indonesia: 7 reported trans murders
- China, Spain & Malaysia: 6 reported trans murders each
- United Kingdom & South Africa: 5 reported trans murders each
- Thailand: 4 reported trans murders
- Iraq: 3 reported trans murders
- Canada, Russia, France, Germany & Azerbaijan: 2 reported trans murders each
- Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Australia, Bangladesh, Caledonia, Cambodia, Fiji, Iran, Mauritius, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Serbia & Uganda: 1 reported trans murder each
According to the report, the highest absolute number of reported trans murders have taken place in countries that have strong trans movements taking place within them. Most likely this is due to trans people being more publicly open about being trans. Regardless, as anyone can see from the report, violence and intolerance towards the trans community is not only as much of a problem now as it ever has been in the past, but all indications are that it is getting worse rather then getting better.
* for more information on Transgender Issues, visit the International Transgender Historical Society website.
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