Record cold, blizzard conditions and warm air top the list of Michigan weather events on this day in history. From the National Weather Service archives here are the events that happened on February 10.
1857 - A low temperature of -35° occurred in Ontonagon.
1899 - Grand Rapids has its coldest day on record with a high of -6° and a low of -21°. Muskegon had set their record for all-time coldest high temperature on the 9th with a high of -5°. A low temperature of -47° occurred in Stambaugh. Sault Ste. Marie sees their coldest morning on record with a low of -37°. In 1934 this record is tied. The daytime temperature rose to only -1° in Detroit, which is the record minimum daytime temperature for the day. This was also the second day in a streak of five days (February 9-13) that daily minimum daytime temperature records were set. From the American Meteorological Society also in 1899, the record low temperature for the state of Ohio was set at Milligan when the mercury dipped to -39°. The record low temperature for Virginia was also set at Monterey with -29°; this record has been broken in January 1985. (Intellicast) (Sandra and TI Richard Sanders - 1987)
2003 - An arctic cold front pushed across Upper Michigan during the morning. A band of heavy snow showers that developed over western Lake Superior ahead of the cold front dumped up to a foot of snow over the higher terrain on the northern tip of the Keweenaw Peninsula just inland from Eagle Harbor to Copper Harbor.
2008 - The second big blast of snow, wind, and bitter cold in as many weeks. In fact, this storm was extremely similar to the January 29-30 event. Low pressure rapidly strengthened as it moved northeast away from Lake Superior. Polar air surged into the region behind the departing system, dropping temperatures to around zero. Lake effect and lake enhanced snow quickly developed, with a widespread two to five inches in the snowbelts. There were isolated higher amounts of eight inches near Trout Lake. Wind gusts up to 45 mph, when combined with falling and blowing snow, produced outright blizzard conditions in the open country of central Chippewa County. US-2 west of St Ignace, the Mackinac Bridge, and part of I-75 in Sault Ste Marie, were all closed during the height of the event. A number of area schools were closed on the 11th (Monday) as the clean-up was still underway. Temperatures around 10 below zero combined with wind gusts to 35 mph to drive wind chill values down to 35 below to 40 below zero at the Gogebic County Airport AWOS in Ironwood. Temperatures of 5 below to 10 below zero combined with wind gusts over 30 mph to produce wind chills between 25 below and 34 below zero at the Sawyer International Airport observing station.
2009 – Increasing moisture ahead of a low pressure system approaching from the Plains brought some freezing rain and eventually dense fog to portions of central Upper Michigan. Light freezing rain occurred from late evening on the 9th and ended early on the 10th. However, dense fog formed after the freezing rain ended and continued into late morning on the 10th. Stephenson, Hannahville and Carney Nadeau Schools closed on the 10th due to the dense fog and slippery roadways. Superior Central and AuTrain-Onota Schools closed on the 10th due to the dense fog and slippery roadways. This is a very warm day across Lower Michigan. In West Michigan, Grand Rapids starts the day with a record warm temperature of 40° and goes on to observe a record high of 61°. Other record warm lows include Muskegon with 42°, Alpena 33°, Flint 37°, Houghton Lake 34°, and Marquette 32°. Record highs include Lansing 60°, Alpena 55°, Detroit 59°, Flint 60°, Houghton Lake 54°, and Sault Ste. Marie 46°.