Cushing’s disease in cats is also known as hyperadrenocorticism. It is an endocrine disorder--an imbalance of hormones in the body. It is extremely rare, but it does exist.
Hormones are molecules that act as signals from one type of cells to another. Most hormones reach their targets via the blood. It is hard to identify Cushing’s disease in cats it is caused by excess of cortisol in the blood...
Cortisol is a corticosteroid hormone formed by the adrenal cortex. It is a very vital hormone that is often referred to as a stress hormone because it is involved in the rejoinder to stress. It increases blood sugar levels, blood pressure and also has an immunosuppressive action. In pharmacology, the synthetic form of cortisol is called hydrocortisone, and is used to treat inflammation and allergies as swell as cortisol production deficiencies.
The adrenal glands malfunction due to either a pituitary brain tumor—in almost (85% of cases or an adrenal gland tumor.
The tumor in the pituitary gland causes the pituitary gland to produce too much of the hormone (ACTH) that directs the adrenal glands so they manufacture too much cortisol.
Symptoms include: increased appetite, increased drinking and urinating, panting,
Increased urinary and skin infections, decreased exercise tolerance, weight gain, hair loss, a pot-bellied look, appearance to abdomen – pot-bellied look, increased pigmentation of thinning skin, failure to grow hair that has been shaved, and muscle weakness.
Generally not all the signs are present. As a rule only 2-3 symptoms exist and sometimes none at all. The most common symptom is an increased thirst.
Cushing’s disease in cats in far less obvious than it is in dogs... Because of this, often it goes undiagnosed. It is most frequently diagnosed in cats when it is difficult to work out a maintenance dosage of insulin for a cat with diabetes. This is a sign that Cushing’s disease is present because Cushing’s disease has an unfavorable effect on the regulation of blood glucose in felines who have diabetes and Cushing’s disease.
Consult your veterinarian right away... There is a new drug that can help normalize the production of cortisol. It is seldom life threatening and a fairly normal life can be expected. Cortisone excess rooted in a tumor is treated by surgical removal of both adrenal glands and every day cortisone replacement tablets2..