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Pullman's prosperity

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George M. Pullman’s prosperity included his family and business. After he established his company, he invited his family to come to Chicago from Albion, New York, in 1865. He wanted his loved ones near him, but he also wanted a family of his own.

Pullman met and fell in love with Harriet Amelia Sanger (1843-1922). Hattie, her nickname, was the daughter of a construction company owner. They were married on June 13, 1867. She was 24, and he was 36. Their marriage was blessed with four children: Florence (1868-1937); Harriett (1869-1956); George (1876-1901); and Walter Sanger (1876-1905). George and Walter Sanger were twins. His first child Florence was his favorite, and she traveled with him when he went on business trips.

Early in 1865, Senator Benjamin C. Field and Pullman dissolved their partnership. Pullman reorganized the company, and he named it Pullman Palace Car Company. The new company was approved by the Illinois Legislature on Feb. 22, 1867. Pullman was president of the board of directors and general manager. He handled marketing and sleeping car services. His brother Albert managed the manufacturing department. Charles Angell, an attorney who later pilfered thousands from the company, was entrusted with financial and legal affairs.

In 1869, Pullman purchased the Detroit Car and Manufacturing Company and organized manufacturing into one facility. He built five types of passenger cars: diners, hotel cars, parlor cars, reclining room cars and sleepers. In 1870, he purchased Central Transit Company, a competitor. In 1871, Pullman, Carnegie and other entrepreneurs rescued the Union Pacific Railroad and positioned themselves on the board of directors. By 1875, his successful business plan to lease Pullman passenger cars to railroads was providing comprehensive service to railroad travelers.

To be continued…

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