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Pet vaccine guidelines

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Differentiating between the vaccines essential for your pet versus those that are recommended can be difficult for pet owners. Veterinarians make vaccine recommendations based on an animals age, health, pathogen exposure and last vaccine administration. The guidelines veterinarians follow for vaccine administration for dogs is published through the American Animal Hospital Association and represents a collaborative effort by academics, private practitioners and the pet industry. The guidelines for vaccine administration for cats is published through the American Association for Feline Practitioners. This article outlines the guidelines for dog and cat core vaccinations.

Dog core vaccines:
Canine distemper
If puppies are less than 16 weeks, every 3-4 week between 6 and 16 weeks and one more vaccine within the first year.
If puppies are older than 16 weeks, one dose.
Booster every 3-5 years.

Canine parvovirus
If puppies are less than 16 weeks, every 3-4 week between 6 and 16 weeks and one more vaccine within the first year.
If puppies are older than 16 weeks, one dose.
Booster every 3-5 years.

Canine adenovirus
If puppies are less than 16 weeks, every 3-4 week between 6 and 16 weeks and one more vaccine within the first year.
If puppies are older than 16 weeks, one dose.
Booster every 3-7 years.

Rabies
Administer one dose after 12 weeks.
Booster with 3 year vaccine after receiving one year vaccine. Follow up with 3 year vaccine every 3 years.

Feline core vaccines:
The core vaccine is administered as a multi-vaccine. It is composed of panleukopenia, herpesvirus-1 and calicivirus.
The first dose is administered after 6 weeks of age every 3-4 weeks until 16-20 weeks of age.
If kittens are over 16 weeks, two doses are administered 3-4 weeks apart.
Booster 1 year after first vaccine series, followed by boosters every 3 years.

Rabies
Administer one dose after 12 weeks. Booster with 1 year vaccine after first vaccine followed by booster every 3 years.

If you have questions about your pet's vaccines please ask your veterinarian.

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