Physicists and engineers at the United States Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University announced the development of a particle accelerator that is a little smaller than a grain of rice in the Sept. 27, 2013, edition of the journal Nature.
The tiny glass chip is capable of accelerating electrons at ten times the velocity of present large scale particle accelerators. The device is three millimeters long.
The first demonstration of the “accelerator on a chip” developed a rate of energy gained per distance traveled of 10 times the acceleration provided by the current SLAC linear accelerator that is two miles long.
The tiny accelerators are capable of being joined together to produce speeds and energies equivalent to the equipment at CERN.
The advantage is cost. The device is made with a laser and can be mass produced.
This development makes a particle accelerator available to any lab for a few thousand dollars rather than the billions of dollars that a normal sized model presently requires.
Practical applications include medical therapy and imaging, materials science, biological research, security scanning, and physics.
This device makes a future possible to create and study microscopic black holes and other experiments planned at CERN and other facilities at a highly accelerated rate with much lower cost.