The oxeye daisy, or Leucanthemum vulgare, can be found growing in fields and along roadsides across the Bluegrass Region of Kentucky. This hardy wildflower was introduced from Europe and Asia, but has long since spread wild across the United States. These wildflowers grow to heights of one to two feet and produce bright white daisies with yellow centers.
The oxeye daisy tolerates a wide range of soil from sandy to loamy and is tolerant of drought, but prefers evenly-moist soil. Daisies thrive in full sun and can be found on sunny knolls or cleared areas where they receive direct sun.
They attract butterflies and bees to the garden creating graceful movement as they sway in the breeze. Daisies bloom in early to mid-summer blanketing hillsides in drifts of white punctuated by their bright yellow centers.
Plant oxeye daisies in wildflower or meadow gardens, along borders or walkways, or in front of fences and buildings to add rustic country charm to you yard. Daisies are a short-lived perennial, but reproduce from seed keeping the area alive with new daisies. Oxeye daisies make excellent cut flowers.
The oxeye daisy is mildly aromatic, like its close cousin, chamomile. The leaves and flowers are edible and a tea of the plant is useful for relaxing the bronchials. It is diuretic and astringent, useful for stomach ulcers and bloody piles or urine. Also used as a vaginal douche for cervical ulceration. The daisy is also used as an antispasmodic for colic and general digestive upset.
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