Osteoarthritis is the most typical form of arthritis, affecting more than 27 million people around the globe. Often named wear-and-tear, osteoarthritis occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of a person’s bones disintegrates over time.
Osteoarthritis slowly gets damaged over time, and there is no known remedy. While osteoarthritis can impair any joint in your body, the disease commonly affects the joints in your hands, neck, knees, lower back, and hips. Osteoarthritis causes are obesity, being older, affects older females than males but can affect anybody at any age, bone deformities, joint injuries or overuse.
Joint pain and stiffness may become severe enough to make daily tasks difficult, such as going to work, driving a car, or doing housework. The most common symptom of osteoarthritis is pain in the affected joint(s) after repetitive use.
Joint pain of osteoarthritis is usually worse later on during the day. There can be swelling, warmth, and tenderness of the affected joint (s). Symptoms of osteoarthritis vary from patient to patient. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
- Pain - Your injured joint may hurt during or after movement.
- Tenderness - Your joint may feel tender when light pressure is applied on the area.
- Stiffness - Joint stiffness may be most noticeable when you wake up in the morning or after a period of inactivity like sitting in a chair reading a book.
If you have joint pain, stiffness or tenderness that lasts for more than a few weeks, call and make an appointment with your doctor.
Risk Factors of Osteoarthritis
- Bone deformities
- Joint injuries or from overuse
Treatment of Osteoarthritis
Most successful treatment plans involve a variety of treatments to fit the patient’s needs, lifestyle, and health. Most treatment plans include:
- Weight control
- Alleviation techniques
- Physical and occupational therapy
In serious cases, if the therapies above do not work, surgery could possibly be considered