At the battle, the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers (Union) defeated the Confederate Missouri State Guard.
Colored Union soldiers were not officially designated by Congress until May 23, 1863 when the Bureau of U.S. Colored Troops was formed. Several units besides the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers had already been established prior to the 1863 law, including the 1st South Carolina, the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Louisiana Native Guard, the Cincinnati Colored Brigade, and the 54th and 55th Massachusetts.
With the beginnings of official designation, regiments were formed starting with the 1st USCT, 2nd USCT and so on. However, those previously designated were allowed to keep their original name.
Later the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers became part of the 79th US Colored Troops.
The Battle of Island Mound State Historic Site has just recently been added to the National Park Service’s “National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom”.
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