Taoism came from China in the first century C.E. It involves something called the Tao, which is basically the same thing as the force from Star Wars but not involving self-aware bacteria in the blood. It's the way that events unfold naturally without any conscious effort on anyone's part. It's the spin of the planet, the growth of a tree, and the fall of water down a waterfall. When something happens purely as a result of being acted upon by other events, that is the Tao. And it also isn't the Tao. There's a lot more to it than that, and if it doesn't seem to make sense, that's because it probably isn't meant to.
But there is no pope of Taoism basking in the adulation of billions of mindless simpletons. It's a very disorganized religion, though a few distinct schools of it exist. Mostly, adherents of Taoism revere nature and strive to live in harmony with it. They allow themselves to be swept along with the current of causality in a philosophy called wu-wei, which translates to "effortless action" or "action without intent".
Taoists live by what they call the three treasures; compassion, moderation, and humility. They live simply, and they act without aggression. To act in accordance with the Tao, which means "the way" or "the path", returns an individual to a natural state before cultural imprinting took hold.
With roots reaching far back into prehistory, Taoism has had a profound effect on eastern society. No Taoist would ever ring your doorbell and ask you to read the Tao Te Ching and accept Laozi as your personal savior. For this reason and many others, Taoism seems like a pretty decent philosophy.
If you want to learn more from some real live Taoists, check out this link right here. Whoops, I mean right here.