Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by the Taliban on October 9, 2012 for demanding education for girls. She is just 16 years old, half the age of the youngest winner of the award since its start in 1901. Tawakul Karman, a Yemeni peace activist, was 32 when she shared the prize in 2011.
The prize has changed the lives of many, including presidents and freedom fighters. Some winners say it is hard to be put on the pedestal for your life. All of your actions and flaws can be judged.
Geir Lundestad, director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, says there is no age limit. 'It will transform their lives, he said. 'They will be flooded by invitations. They will be listened to, and some of them may even be considered saints' he said. 'But I haven't met anyone yet who regrets being selected for the Nobel Peace Prize.'
This year 259 people were nominated. Including Denis Mukwege, a Congolese gynecologist who helps survivors of sexual violence, and Bradley Manning, the U.S. soldier convicted of leaking classified information to WikiLeaks.
Kristian Harpviken, head of the independent Peace Research Institute Oslo, said Malala Yousafzai was his top pick for this year's $1.25 million prize, but he said, 'the main question about Malala is her age.'
Kristian Harpviken added, 'The other aspect is of course to burden somebody, who is still basically a child, with having to carry the weight of a Nobel Prize for the rest of her lifetime, and that, admittedly, is tough call.'
Malala has also written a book titled 'I Am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban' which released Tuesday.