The first study that compares the efficacy of e-cigarettes directly to nicotine patches shows that e-cigarettes are more effective in helping smokers that want to stop smoking to be able to stop smoking according to research presented at the Sept. 7, 2013, session of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Annual Congress 2013 in Barcelona, Spain.
E-cigarettes were 25 percent more effective in helping people to quit smoking for at least six months according to the study results. Forty percent more of the trial participants reported smoking less while using e-cigarettes than those who used patches. Ninety percent of e-cigarette users claimed they would recommend e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid rather than nicotine patches.
The test compared the results of 657 smokers who wanted to quit smoking over a six month period. During the first thirteen weeks of the trial the test participants were divided into three groups. One group used an e-cigarette that delivered 16 milligrams of nicotine, a second group used nicotine patches that delivered the same amount of nicotine, and a third group used placebo e-cigarettes that contained no nicotine.
The number of adverse reactions and severe adverse reactions to e-cigarette use was the same as adverse reactions to nicotine patch use.
The number of participants that continued to use e-cigarettes after six months was four times as much as those who continued to use nicotine patches. The research was conducted by scientists at the University of Auckland in New Zealand.