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Mumps appears at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has announced an outbreak of mumps on campus, the News Gazette reported on April 28. All nine cases meet the clinical definition for mumps but laboratory tests are pending. A tenth case, in a University staffer, is also suspected.

A map of Illinois counties reporting cases of mumps in 2014, through April 28.
Census Bureau map in public domain

The campus outbreak comes in the midst of a growing number of mumps cases in central Illinois. Sangamon County and Springfield have reported 12 cases in 2014. To the west, in Morgan County, there have been 40 cases. The state, in total, has seen 65 cases thus far but not all the university cases have been included, according to the News Gazette.

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has just over 44,000 graduate and undergraduate students supported by about 10,000 faculty and staff. The university requires that incoming students be immunized for "tetanus, diphtheria, measles, mumps, and rubella." The News Gazette states that all nine students with the mumps have been immunized.

The nation's largest mumps outbreak, centered in Columbus, OH, in and around the Ohio State University (OSU) campus, continues to grow. As of April 28, Columbus Public Health and Franklin County Public Health are reporting 287 cases in 12 counties since the beginning of the year. The majority of the cases are tied to OSU, 120 students, 21 faculty and staff, 29 patients with links to OSU and two family members.

In the central Ohio community, 115 mumps cases have not yet been linked to the OSU outbreak. The city of Columbus is reporting 60 of those cases. Both the youngest, at nine months, and the oldest patients, at age 80, are in this group.

The Centers for Disease Control note that the most common symptoms of mumps are fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue and loss of appetite. After several days of illness, the salivary glands under each ear may become swollen. The swelling may be on one or both sides of the head, and can vary from non-existent to very visible. The patient is contagious for several days before any swelling appears to about five days after swelling appears.

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