Geoarcheology Research Associates, Inc. (GRA) is in the process of analyzing the artifactual and historical data gathered from the Riverside project on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. GRA is in the process of consulting various historical documents, like customs records and census data about our area during the late nineteenth Century. From these, GRA can piece together certain bits of information, such as occupation and place of birth, to create a picture of what the neighborhood’s population was like during the site’s occupation. One historical figure is mentioned in the 1870 census for the Riverside project’s neighborhood: Horace Greeley. Horace Greeley resided at 323 W 56th St, where he shared a house with a man named Johnston. An 1872 obituary for Horace Greeley's wife states that she died at the house of Alvin J. Johnson at 323 W 57th St.
Horace Greeley (February 3, 1811 – November 29, 1872) was an American newspaper editor, a founder of the Liberal Republican Party, a reformer, a politician, and an outspoken opponent of slavery. Crusading against the corruption of Ulysses S. Grant's Republican administration, he was the new Liberal Republican Party's candidate in the 1872 U.S. presidential election. Despite having the additional support of the Democratic Party, he lost in a landslide. He is the only presidential candidate to have died prior to the counting of electoral votes.
Horace Greeley is just one of the many city-dwellers during this time. As the archaeologists at GRA move forward with analysis, we continue to uncover many fascinating facts about this part of Manhattan and it’s history. For more updates from the field (and lab), visit GRA’s blog: http://trowelpoints.wordpress.com/