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Maine Wildflowers: Columbine

Purple Columbine Flowers
phil.shen.2020 / Flickr

Columbine (Aquilegia sp) grows wild across Maine, blooming late spring and early summer. Flowers range from white and pastel pink to deep blues and purple. These flowers can be found along the edges of fields or wooded paths where they receive partial sun. The bell-shaped blooms droop slightly giving the appearance of a bowed head. Plants grow to heights of one to two feet.

  • Columbine prefers fertile, well-drained soil that remains evenly moist.
  • Plant columbine in an area that receives partial or dappled sun, as they do not tolerate long hours of full sun.
  • Water columbine once or twice a week or whenever the soil feels dry one inch below the surface.
  • These wildflowers are an excellent choice for shade gardens or to brighten that shady nook in your yard.
  • Columbine cross pollinate easily, says the USDA Forest Service, which means that their distinct colors may fade over time.
  • Columbine makes an intriguing cut flower, especially if you are fortunate enough to have several colors.

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