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Maine Wildflowers: Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

Black-eyed Susan
Black-eyed Susan
Savannah Sam Photography/ Flickr

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) are native wildflowers that bloom in mid to late summer in Maine. These daisy-like flowers are often referred to as yellow daisies and sport bright yellow-orange petals with a dark center earning them the name as Black-eyed Susan. They can be found along roadsides and in fields and pastures. These showy flowers can reach heights of two feet or more with blooms that reach two inches in diameter.

  • Black-eyed Susan is a biennial that self-seeds readily, says American Meadows a supplier of wildflower seeds. When planted in wildflower gardens, new plants emerge each year keeping the bed alive with color. These flowers naturalize well.
  • It thrives in a range of soils from loamy to sandy. It prefers evenly-moist soil, but will grow happily under drought conditions.
  • Black-eyed Susan is a hardy native plant that will thrive for years in wildflower and meadow gardens.
  • Plant Black-eyed Susan in the background or along fences to add bright color to the landscape in late summer and early fall.
  • Pair Black-eyed Susans with purple flowers, such as the purple coneflower, to make the colors pop.
  • Black-eyed Susan makes an excellent cut flower as the blooms are long lasting and hold up well in vases.

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