The "Nature Alert" weekly magazine for "science that matters" listed the thirteen brilliant minded scientists of the twenty-four winners of this year's MacArthur Foundation grant award of $625,000 to each winner. The grant is paid over five years. There are no strings attached and are commonly called "genius grants".
"This year’s class of MacArthur Fellows is an extraordinary group of individuals who collectively reflect the breadth and depth of American creativity.” -- Cecilia Conrad, Vice President, MacArthur Fellows program."
A few of the winners were exceedingly clever and attune to the critical demands for the future in climate control, behavioral economics, experimental physics, data loss reduction in WiFi to mention a few of the areas which affect technological advancements.
Colin Camerer, a behavioral economist and game theory expert at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, is using brain scans to understand how people predict the actions of others in complex economic interactions.
Carl Haber, an experimental physicist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, has pioneered a method to extract high-quality sound from damaged or deteriorating analog recordings, such as vinyl records. The technique was used to recover the sound of Alexander Graham Bell’s voice from a recording from 1885, which was released earlier this year.
Dina Katabi, a computer scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, specializes in wireless data transmission. She has developed algorithms to reduce data loss over WiFi networks, and is working to protect personal wireless devices such as pacemakers from unwanted interference and manipulation. Dina is featured in the Boston Globe photo above at MIT in a discussion on WiFi in March, 2013.
David Lobell, an agricultural ecologist at Stanford University in California, studies the effects of climate change on crop production and food security. His research on maize in Africa indicates that the plant is more sensitive to extreme heat and drought than previously thought.
Sheila Nirenberg, a neuroscientist at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, New York, has designed a prosthetic device that could one day restore vision to patients suffering from macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. The device bypasses the eye’s photoreceptor cells, which are damaged in these conditions, and sends electrical signals directly to retinal ganglion cells—the next stop in the visual pathway.
Ana Maria Rey, an atomic physicist at the University of Colorado in Boulder, is developing theories that could increase the stability of quantum computers, improve atomic clocks, and lead to new insights in quantum entanglement.
The class of 2013 "genius grant" winners can be viewed with their summary description on the MacArthur Foundation website at http://www.macfound.org/fellows/896/
The philanthropic MacArthur Foundation is based in Chicago, Illinois. This designation honors creative and accomplished individuals in any field with strong potential for future achievements.
The vision of the Foundation is to support creative people and effective institutions committed to building a more just, verdant, and peaceful world. - See more at: http://www.macfound.org/about/#sthash.erfoxgn4.dpuf
John D. MacArthur (1897-1978) developed and owned Bankers Life and Casualty Company and other businesses, as well as considerable property in Florida and New York. His wife Catherine (1909-1981) held positions in many of these companies and served as a director of the Foundation. - See more at: http://www.macfound.org/about/#sthash.erfoxgn4.dpuf
View Nature Alert online magazine and the MacArthur Foundation Awards at: